Austria has a population of 8,387,491. Austrian
territory was occupied in ancient time by Celtic
peoples. Later, the Romans conquered the region. With
the disintegration of the Roman Empire in the 5th
century, the area was invaded by Bavarians, Goths, Huns
and Lombards. Currently, the majority of the population
is of Austrian origin, but there are also Yugoslavs,
Turks, Germans, etc.
The demographic density, obtained
by dividing the total population by territorial
extension, is approximately 100 inhabitants per square
kilometer, therefore, the country is very
populated. Austria's average annual population growth
rate, as in most European countries, is low, averaging
Approximately 67.5% of the inhabitants live in urban
areas, and 32.5% live in rural areas. Vienna, the
national capital, is the most populous city, with about
1.6 million inhabitants. Other Austrian cities with a
large population concentration are: Graz (253,994), Linz
(189,122), Salzburg (147,732) and Innsbruck (118,035).
According to data released in 2010 by the United
Nations (UN) , Austria, with an average of 0.851, has a
high Human Development Index (HDI), occupying the 25th
place in the world ranking, which is formed by 169
nations. Thus, the population of Austria enjoys an
excellent social standard.
Good socioeconomic indicators include life expectancy
of 80.4 years, low infant mortality rates (4 deaths per
1,000 live births) and illiteracy (practically all
inhabitants over the age of 15 are literate), per capita
income of $ 46,800 and environmental sanitation
services, which are offered to almost all households.
Austria population data
- Total population: 8,387,491 inhabitants.
- Demographic density: 100 inhab./kmē.
- Urban population: 67.5%.
- Rural population: 32.5%.
- Language: German (official).
- Religions: Christianity 79.7% (Catholics 67.8%,
others 11.9%), agnosticism 13.6%, Muslims 4.5%,
atheism 1.7%, others 0.5%.
- Human Development Index (HDI) : 0.851 (very
- Infant mortality rate: 4 deaths for every
thousand live births.
- Life expectancy at birth: 80.4 years.
- Per capita income: $ 46,850.