Brazil is a country located on the subcontinent of South
America. The Brazilian territory is bathed by the
Atlantic Ocean, limited to the north, with French
Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela and Colombia; to the
northwest, with Peru; to the west, with Bolivia,
Paraguay and Argentina; and to the south, with Uruguay.
The Brazilian territory has a continental dimension,
being the fifth largest country in the world, surpassed
only by Russia, Canada, China and the United States. The
extreme points from north (Monte Caburaí) to south (Arroio
Chuí) of the territory add up to 4,394 km and from east
(Ponta do Seixas) to west (Serra Contamana) add up to
4,319 km. Brazil has an area of 8 514 876 km², in
which about 190,755,799 inhabitants live, being the
fifth most populous country in the world, surpassed only
by China (1.3 billion), India (1.1 billion), the State
United States (314.6 million) and Indonesia (230
million). Despite being considered a populous country,
it is sparsely populated.
Due to the territorial dimension, there are three
time zones in force in the country. The country's
territory is continuous, except for some islands that
are disconnected from the mainland. Much of the
Brazilian territory is found in the southern hemisphere
(93%), in addition to being entirely in the western part
of the world, in the heart of the Earth's intertropical
zone. The geographical location on the globe means that
there is a high incidence of sunlight on the surface of
the country, so the predominant climate is tropical, but
there are other climatic characteristics, such as
equatorial, subtropical and semiarid.
The country has several vegetative formations of
which we can mention: Cerrado, Caatinga, Atlantic
Forest, Mata de Araucária, Prairies, Pantanal, Amazon
Forest. As for water resources, the territory is
privileged, as there are a large number of rivers, the
main hydrographic basins are: Amazon Basin, São
Francisco Basin, Paraná River Basin, Paraguay River
Basin and Uruguay River Basin.
Brazil is a Federation made up of 26 states and the
Federal District, with states divided into
municipalities and those into districts.
The Brazilian population is constituted ethnically
from Indians, Portuguese, Africans, European immigrants
(Italians, Poles, Germans, Spaniards, etc.) and Asians
(Lebanese, Japanese, among others). Currently the
population is composed of according to color / race:
white (49.4%), brown (42.3%), black (7.4%), yellow
(0.5%) and indigenous (0.3%).
The Brazilian economy has grown significantly, and
today the country is considered an emerging country, and
a major agricultural producer which was industrialized,
with a diversified industrial park. Several estimates
place the country as powers for the future, in view of
the great potential it has.
- Name: Federative Republic of
- Motto: Order and Progress.
- Gentile: Brazilian and
- Capital: Brasília.
- Most populous city: São Paulo.
- Official language: Portuguese.
- Government: Federative
- Independence: from Portugal on
September 7, 1822, being recognized on August 29,
- GDP (Gross Domestic Product):
3.1 trillion reais.
- Per capita income: 8,040
dollars a year.
- HDI (Human Development Index):
- Life expectancy: 72.9 years.
- Currency: Real.
- Official website: www.brasil.gov.br