Famous for its history as a freedom-loving country of conquerors and nomads, Mongolia primarily attracts with its incredible expanses, exotic culture and beautiful nature. Despite a century of technological progress, for many locals a horse is a common means of transportation, a yurt is their home, and mare’s milk is a favorite morning drink. Mongolia is a childishly naive and kind people, it is a crystal clear sky, clear mountain lakes, hot sands and snow-capped mountain peaks. It is a country of natural and cultural contrasts, impressive for its openness and sincerity.
Geography of Mongolia
According to itypemba, Mongolia is located in Central Asia. Most of its territory (1,564,116 km²) is represented by a huge plateau at an altitude of 900 to 1,500 meters above sea level, it contains both individual mountain peaks, which have the common name Gobi Altai, and several mountain ranges, the largest of which is the Mongolian Altai. In the north, Mongolia has a fairly large land border with the Russian Federation, in the south with China. The Gobi Desert is partly located on the territory of the country, as well as a number of other smaller deserts. There are quite a lot of cold mountain rivers and lakes in Mongolia, the first of which originate in Siberia. The largest river is the Selenga, its length within Mongolia is more than 600 kilometers.
The area of Mongolia is 1,564,116 km2. sq., occupies the 18th place in the world in terms of area.
The national currency is the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT).
The official language is Mongolian.
Visa to Mongolia
Citizens of the Russian Federation will need to obtain a visa to visit Mongolia. The cost of a tourist visa category “J” for a period of 30 days will be 50 US dollars, there are no special requirements for obtaining it. Make sure that your passport expires no earlier than 6 months after visiting Mongolia. Visa processing time is 5 working days. A special rule applies to residents of Russia living in the territories bordering Mongolia. They can visit the country without a visa by issuing a special one-time certificate valid for 90 days from the date of receipt.
Weather in Mongolia
Mongolia has a typical sharply continental climate, characterized by cold winters and hot summers. The average temperature in January ranges from -25°С to -35°С, and in July from 25°С to 35°С. The capital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, is recognized as one of the coldest capitals in the world. The amount of precipitation during the year in the country is very scarce, especially in the desert part of Mongolia. In Ulaanbaatar, only 230-250 mm of precipitation falls annually, and even less in the Gobi Desert. There is a lot of sun in Mongolia like nowhere else, there are about 270 sunny days a year. “Land of Clear Blue Sky” is one of the unofficial names of Mongolia. The most favorable time to visit the country is from May to October, the peak of the tourist season falls on July-August.
Voltage 220-230V, 50Hz. Sockets are used in two types: a standard European type E socket (two round pins) and a French type C socket (two round pins in a plug and one in a socket).
The official religion of Mongolia is Buddhism, namely Tibetan Buddhism, it is preached by about 53% of the population. The country still has shamanic cults mixed with Buddhism (2.9%), which are mostly concentrated in the northern part of the country. Islam (3%), Christianity (2.1%) and other religions (0.4%) are also preached in the country. 38.6% of local residents are atheists. According to the Galappa service, Mongolia is among the ten least religious countries.
Mongolia is a fairly safe country for a foreign tourist, but you should not completely relax. In large cities, pickpockets are not uncommon, they are especially active at bus stops, train stations and public transport. If you travel around the country on horseback, be sure to leave a watchman for the night, as the theft of things and even horses in such cases is not uncommon. On the other hand, the Mongols are extremely benevolent people, they heartily feed, give drink and offer lodging for the lost traveler.
In Mongolia, due to the large amount of open space, the sun is especially strong, so be sure to stock up on sunscreen and use it regularly. In cities it is safer to use bottled water. The country has a well-developed healthcare system. Medicine is focused on local residents and their diseases. Before the trip, it will not be superfluous to be vaccinated against typhoid, hepatitis C, meningococcal meningitis. Unfortunately, a trip to Mongolia is often accompanied by indigestion, even when eating exceptionally high-quality products. Probably due to the abundance of meat and fatty foods.