It is the second largest continent. It has an area of 30,217,000 km2 and occupies 1/5 of the terrestrial soil. Crossed by the equator, the African continent stretches 8000 km, from north to south, and 7360 km, from east to west. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean to the east, and the confluence of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans to the south.
Africa’s climate is strongly influenced by the fact that this continent is crossed almost halfway through the equator and is mostly comprised among the tropics. It is a very hot continent, where climates are more individualized by rainfall variations than thermal ones, with the exception of the northern and southern ends, with a Mediterranean climate.
From the equator to the north and south, the climate changes from equatorial to tropical and hot desert. In the higher zones the climate is high and in the temperate zones the climate is Mediterranean. There are several islands off the African coast: in the Indian Ocean, Madagascar, one of the largest islands in the world, the Seychelles, Socotra, the Comoros, Mauritius and Réunion; in the Atlantic Ocean, the archipelagos of Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, Madeira and the Canaries.
The main forms of African relief are the Atlas Mountains to the north, the Draken Mountains to the south, the Congo Plain, the Ethiopian Plateau and the Great Rift Valley.
Only 6% of African soil is arable, but the subsoil is home to important mineral resources. In terms of world reserves, the African continent has approximately 8% of oil, 27% of bauxite, 29% of uranium and 20% of copper. It also has about 2/3 of the total phosphorites, iron, manganese, chromium, cobalt, platinum and titanium.
At the economic level, Africa is a region that is developing. The most developed countries are South Africa and those located in the north, next to the Mediterranean. Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Réunion, Kenya, Cameroon, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Mauritius are also developing countries.
Agriculture is the most important economic sector, although it is almost always subsistence. Most African states have a negative trade balance.
On May 25, Africa Day is celebrated and on November 20, Africa Industrialization Day.
- Countryaah: provides a complete list of countries and territories in the continent of Africa including official names of each country, independent dates, as well as map of Africa.
- Abbreviationfinder: Comprehensive list of all abbreviations associated with Africa. Sorted by popularity. Also offers the 2-letter and 3-letter acronyms for what is the abbreviation for Africa.
Africa – Central Bank of West African States
Get bank info in English or French that includes a collection of publications, details on the banking system, and integration projects.
Botswana – Standard Chartered
International bank located in this African nation describes its treasury, private and corporate banking services.
Kenya – Central Bank of Kenya
Bank strives to maintain price stability and a sound financial system for the country. Find a collection of economic reviews and annual reports.
Nambia – First National Bank
Bank discusses its products which include home loans and Euro currency. Learn about electronic banking transactions offered.
Rwanda – Commercial Bank of Rwanda
English and French language site for Rwanda’s Commercial Bank presents contact details, an index of services and an economic profile of Rwanda.
Tanzania – Bank of Tanzania
Describes the bank’s organizational structure, objectives, and functions, and outlines its financial operations. Access exchange rates.
Tunisia – Amen Bank
Introduction to the bank includes its locations and services. Find out about its international operations and financial products.