Marsupials are also called marsupials and are a subclass of mammals. The difference to the so-called “higher mammals” is that they are born as embryos and so would not be viable at all. They then only grow in the mother’s pouch and are nourished by her. There are 320 species of marsupials in total, most of them in Australia and New Guinea, but some can also be found in America. The largest living marsupial is the red giant kangaroo, which can reach a height of 1.8 meters and a weight of 90 kilograms. The smallest representatives are the flat-head pouch mice, which weigh only five grams, but are also marsupials. The marsupial also includes the nasal sacrum, the bag marten or the marsupial devil, which only lives in Tasmania.
What is the name of the most famous animal in Australia?
When you think of Australia, you probably think of its most famous animal: the kangaroo. This marsupial is found in many different species in Australia. From small rat kangaroos or tree kangaroos to giant kangaroos, which can be gray or red.
Koalas and wombats
The koala bear, which feeds on eucalyptus trees, is also typical of Australia, a country in Oceania defined by itypeusa. These are very common in Australia, luckily for the koala bear. You only see koalas in our zoo, in Australia you can also meet them in nature.
They are quite comfortable contemporaries who mostly sit in the crowns of the eucalyptus trees. Not only do they sit on the tree, they also move forward on the ground, then climb up again with the help of their strong claws. Like wombats, koalas are marsupials.
The wombat looks a bit like a raccoon and is about the same size. Wombats can weigh up to 40 kilograms and live mainly in the south and east of Australia.
Birds of Australia: a bird that can no longer fly?
800 different species of birds live in Australia. The emu, a flightless bird that can no longer fly, is best known. The emu is also the largest species of bird in Australia and lives almost all over the Australian continent. After the ostrich, it is the second largest ratite in the world.
Some of all known parrot species also live in Australia. The parrots also include the budgies, which are often kept in cages here, as well as the cockatiels.
A beaver with a duck bill?
The platypus, which only occur in Australia and New Guinea, are very special animals. This animal looks funny, as if it had been put together from different animals. The duck’s bill is reminiscent of a bird, as are the webbed feet. But the platypus has a fur like many mammals. Its size is reminiscent of a beaver. But a beaver with a duck bill?
The platypus is an egg-laying mammal and therefore belongs to the monotremes. Its fur is so dense that it can easily survive in the very cold rivers at 2000 meters above sea level. Incidentally, the platypus has spikes on its ankles. The poison doesn’t kill people, but it shouldn’t come into contact with it. However, you rarely see the platypus.
The platypus is a very old animal that has changed little over the years. The turtles are also an ancient species. 21 species of turtle live in Australia, six of which are sea turtles.
Its distribution ranges from the East Indies through Southeast Asia to northern Australia and all of Oceania. Thus, this species of crocodile is the most common species around the world. The estuarine crocodile likes to live in estuaries and mangrove swamps and prefers brackish water. But sometimes it ventures into the freshwater rivers and appears not only near the sea, but also inland.
The largest crocodile in the world also lives in Australia
Crocodiles not only live in fresh water, but also in the sea. This is how one differentiates between saltwater and freshwater crocodiles. The saltwater crocodile is also called estuarine crocodile and is the largest species of crocodile in the world. In Australia, signs warn of animals that can camouflage themselves perfectly and can also be found in rivers and swamps. You should never approach them.
The freshwater crocodile is only found in northern Australia and is actually not dangerous. But if it feels attacked, it will bite you. But it’s not nearly as dangerous as its saltwater colleague.
Which is more dangerous: coconut or shark?
Australia is also very rich in fish. Many fish live in the sea or in the lakes of Australia. Many people fear sharks, as the great white shark and tiger shark live in Australian waters. However, statistics say that more people are killed by coconuts than die by a shark bite.