Greece Medieval Arts Part II

Greece Medieval Arts 2

The desolate territories of Greece, on which autonomous administrations of the Slavic ethnic groups (Sklavinie) or extensive landed estates practically detached from central power had been established – emblematic appears the case of the rich widow Danelis, who by virtue of her wealth supported the rise of Basil I to the imperial throne -, were repopulated thanks to forced transplants of military and civilian contingents from Anatolia.The Byzantine recovery recorded…

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Greece Medieval Arts Part I

Greece Medieval Arts 1

A state of south-eastern Europe, Greece, which constitutes the southern part of the Balkan peninsula, has a composite geographical system: the continental core, with a mountainous character, is divided into three main ranges – Pindo to the West, Olympus and Pelion to the East; Taygetos in the Peloponnese – covering 80% approx. of the territory, leaving little space for plains of a certain extent, concentrated in the areas of Thessaly…

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Turkey in the 1930’s and 1940’s

Turkey in the 1930's

Confident of having consolidated its security and sovereignty with the Montreux Convention for the Straits (1936), established friendly and collaborative relations with neighboring states through the Balkan Pact (4 February 1934) and the Thessaloniki Agreement with Bulgaria (1938) and with the Eastern Pact or of Sa‛dābād (1937) – which, however, did not stand up to the difficult test of the war already imminent or at least had no principle of…

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Romania Dantesque Encyclopedia

Romania Dantesque Encyclopedia

Assume, as has been done by some recent investigators of D.’s ‘fortune’ in Romania, that the doctors sent by the Republic of Venice to Stephen the Great have brought with them, among their books, also the Comedy, introducing it so the court of the prince, to whom we owe the first artistic and cultural flowering of a genuine Romanian imprint, is only a suggestive hypothesis. It is legitimate instead to…

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Poland Continental Waters

Poland Continental Waters

According to top-engineering-schools, 75.6% of the Polish territory (294.500 sq. Km.) Sends its waters to the Baltic Sea, and 24.4% (94.900 sq. Km.) To the Black Sea. The waterways of the two basins have very different characteristics. While the Baltic tributaries develop in very wide and flat basins, separated from each other by low undulations of the land, so that it was easy to connect them by channels, those of…

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Iran Archaeological Excavations

Iran Archaeological Excavations

The archaeological excavations, conducted throughout Persia in the last fifteen years, have been numerous and significant; have concerned, above all, the prehistoric and protohistoric period of Iran, clarifying the very particular characteristics of this civilization which, situated as an immense crossroads between Central Asia, India, Mesopotamia and Asia Minor, it has been able to develop and enrich itself in contact with the most diverse peoples and races. The oldest settlements…

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Egypt Archaeology – The Middle Kingdom

Egypt Archaeology - The Middle Kingdom

According to top-medical-schools, the maṣṭaba type survives in the Middle Kingdom for non-royal tombs, which instead continue to take up the Memphite pyramid in stone or unfired bricks with a little more slender shapes. Characteristic of these tombs are the decorative paintings. The painted relief is often replaced by a painting done directly on the wall. Alongside the traditional themes, scenes of war and family life appear. In the relief…

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Canada Architecture and Painting

Canada Architecture

Architecture. – According to usprivateschoolsfinder, the architecture of Canada more than any other has been influenced by European traditions. However, from time to time, until Champlain founded the first house at the foot of the Quebec precipice, courageous attempts were made to construct buildings which, differently from that used in other countries, would adapt to the particular needs of the climate, of the residents and of the times. This can…

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Brazil Agricultural Products

Brazil Agricultural Products

From the descriptions that date back to the century. XVI shows that from the first period of colonization corn, millet, mandioca, yam, cocoa, banana, tobacco and cotton were known to the natives. Wheat was not known, as well as the hypothesis that sugar cane was already known there, is far from being demonstrated, even if we can argue around the time of its introduction on the soil of Brazil, which certainly…

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Belgium Flemish Literature

Belgium Flemish Literature

The Van Nu en Straks group (“Of today and tomorrow”) – which, in the years around 1900, had emancipated Flemish literature and raised it to European levels by virtue of a double synthesis, that of the various literary trends of the end of the century and that of all the faculties of man in art did not know how to bar the way, inside and outside, nor to aesthetics (K.…

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Australia Climate and Temperature

Australia Climate

Extending from the 10th to the 45th parallel, Australia has a remarkable variety of climates. The Tropic of Capricorn crosses it and 38% of its territory is found within the tropics: but the succession of climate from south to north corresponds to that which would be encountered on a voyage from Paris to the Gulf of Guinea. In fact, Tasmania has a climate not different from that of western France,…

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Albania Medieval and Modern History

Albania Medieval and Modern History

According to searchforpublicschools, knowledge of Albania has significantly progressed in the last decade, both by virtue of scientific missions (among them some notable geographic-mountaineering missions in the northern Albanian Alps, such as the Italian Floridia-Allegri 1931), and for the organization of services Albanian public authorities (the “Water Service” Shrebime i Ujnavet, established in 1933; the Statistical Office, the Land Registry Service, etc.), operating almost always with the aid of Italian…

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India Cinema

India Cinema

With 1451 films produced and certified between April and December 2014 (data from the Central board of film certification, Ministry of information and broadcasting, Government of India), India continues to be the world’s leading producer of cinema: a plurality of films, in 16 languages. Popular cinema in Hindi, mainly produced in Mumbai, with 233 films represents just over 16% of the entire production, despite having a catchment area that can…

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Albania in the 1950’s and 1960’s

Albania in the 1950's and 1960's

In the two-year period 1955-56, the rapprochement between the USSR and Yugoslavia had re-proposed to the Albania the problems that had led to the break with the neighboring republic in 1948 and, therefore, the search for new international support. The Sino-Soviet controversy in the 1960s provided the way for Albanian leaders to change their country’s international position. During the IV congress of the Party of Labor of Albania (PLA), in…

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Egypt Industry and Trade

Egypt Industry

Industry had little importance in Egypt until recently. The main production of the country, that of cotton, except for a grandiose factory recently built in Alexandria and some smaller factories to partially satisfy local needs, can be said to feed only the work of ginning and pressing. The first takes place in modernly equipped factories in el-Manṣürah and Kafr ez-Zayyāt which employ indigenous workers under the direction of European technicians.…

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Brazil Language

Brazil Language

The national language of Brazil is Portuguese (for indigenous languages ​​see america: Indigenous languages; tupi – Guaraní) which, introduced in the century XVI by the Lusitanian discoverers, in an environment different from that of origin, among a mixed population of indigenous people (especially Tupi-Guaraní), of blacks imported from the Portuguese colonies of Africa, and of whites (mostly from Portugal) has undergone slight modifications. Referring to the article portugal: Lingua, as…

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Argentina Literature

Argentina Literature

Some noble and representative voices of Argentine literature have been extinguished: L. Lugones, who was, and still remains, the master of the new generations, has disappeared and committed suicide; disappeared, even suicidal, the most vehement, the hottest, the greatest Argentine poetess, Alfonsina Storni. And Ricardo Güiraldes is also dead, the most gifted of modern storytellers, whose prose published posthumously (Xaimaca, etc.), if they do not reach his novel Don Segundo Sombra in…

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Spain Economy and Environment

Spain Economy

Economy At the end of Franco’s dictatorship, in 1975, Spain was still a predominantly agricultural country. The strong economic development known between the 1950s and early 1970s was blocked by the impact of the 1973 energy crisis and the consequent economic crisis that lasted during the entire transition period towards democracy. Since the second half of the nineties Spain has instead experienced one of the fastest economic development in Europe.…

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Poland Literature – The Second Half of the 20th Century

Poland Literature - The Second Half of the 20th Century

The 45 years of Poland Popolare This period was characterized in the first place by the division between an ‘internal literature’ (which could not be exempt from a confrontation, sometimes servile, more often conflictual, with the communist power) and a literature of emigration (also with obvious, but not always binding, political implications). The major centers of emigration were Paris and London in Europe, where the exiled writers published in periodicals and in…

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Mexico Geography, Languages, and Politics

Mexico democracy

Extension and boundaries. – Including between the United States of America to the north, the republic of Guatemala and British Honduras to the south-east, Mexico faces the American Mediterranean to the east, between the mouth of the Río Grande del Norte (Gulf of Mexico) and the mouth of the Río Hondo (Chetumal Bay in the Antillean Sea), and to the west it is bathed by the Pacific between the San…

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Sweden Economy Overview

Sweden Economy Overview

Sweden is one of the most economically developed countries in the world and this despite the fact that the Swedish economy encounters some limits in physical conditions, starting with the climate, and in the rather limited range of natural resources. Even at the end of the 19th century, Sweden was a poor country, almost exclusively devoted to agriculture, fishing and scarce trade with other Scandinavian countries. Industrialization began timidly in…

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Hungary Geography, Population and Language

Hungary Geography

Hungary is an inland state of Eastern Europe, bordering Slovakia to the N, Ukraine to the NE, Romania to the E, Serbia and Croatia to the S, Slovenia and Austria to the West. Physical characteristics The Hungarian territory is mostly flat (for over 70% of the total surface), with reliefs that reach the maximum altitude to the North, in Mount Kékes (1015 m), which is part of the Mátra group.…

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Australia Economy and Finance 1954

Australia Economy

Economic activities. – The industrial structure of the country has changed considerably after the war. In 1954, out of 3,702,022 people employed, 1,027,331 worked in various manufacturing industries, 577,381 in commerce, 493,298 in agriculture, livestock, hunting and fishing, 446,917 were government officials, professionals, etc., 325,062 in the construction and road industries, 335,835 in transport and communications companies, 224,489 in public establishments, cinemas, etc. Agriculture in a broad sense employs 5.49%…

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Portugal Demographics in the 1960’s

Portugal Demographics in the 1960's

After losing the territory of Goa and its dependencies, annexed to India in 1961, during the years 1974-75 his African empire collapsed, since the overseas provinces of Angola, Mozambique, Guinea, Cape Verde, São Tomé e Principe and Cabinda have become independent states. Self-determination is also foreseen for Macao, while Timor was annexed by Indonesia in June 1976. Portugal is one of the most backward European countries. This is confirmed, among…

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Libya Economic Conditions

Libya exports

The Libyan economy depends primarily on oil, which contributes 95% to the value of exports. The first fields of commercial importance were discovered in 1955, but the commercialization of crude oil did not begin until 1961. The profits of the oil industry and the large inflow of foreign exchange ensure Libyan citizens one of the highest levels of income. capita of Africa, also due to the small number of the…

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Indonesia Demography and Economic Geography 2010

Indonesia Papua

Island state of Southeast Asia. With its 237,641,326 residents at the 2010 census, increasing, according to an UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs) which, for 2014, reports 252,812,245 residents, Indonesia it is one of the most populated countries in the world, although the distribution of the population continues to be unequal in the various islands that compose it. The rate of population variation, which has been steadily…

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Lithuania Demographics, History and Cinema

Lithuania Cinema

Demography and economic geography. – Northern European state. The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties, 60 municipalities and about 500 seniūnija. In each county resided a governor sent by the central state and not elected by the citizens, but on 1 July 2010 the administrations of the counties were abolished, now remained as mere territorial and statistical units, essentially concentrating local political power in the 60 municipalities. At…

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Belgium Criminal, Commercial and International Law

Belgium International Law

Criminal law. – The general principles that inspire the Belgian penal code of 9 June 1867 are common to most European states; rather, it is better to insist on the modifications that were brought about by applying the most recent criminological doctrines. The offenses, distinguished according to the severity of the penalties into crimes, offenses and fines, suppose together a material element and a psychic element. This system, based on…

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Austria Fictions

Austria Fictions

The terrain of fiction is more popular, according to good Austrian custom, and also for this reason more varied, on which many of the authors linked to Graz now move with such reciprocal autonomy as to make the reference to that common denominator only indicatively significant. On the residues of the experimentation, moreover less favored in prose, interests of another kind are established, thematic first of all, as in the…

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Bulgaria Economy and History

Bulgaria Economy

Within the current borders the Bulgaria has a population of 7,629,000 residents (1956), with an average density of 70 residents / km 2. In the twelve-year period 1946-1958 the population of the Bulgaria increased by about 800,000 residents, that is by over 11%, despite the exodus of 160,000 Turks forced to emigrate in the years 1950-52. Between 1946 and 1958 the birth rate decreased from 25.6 ‰ to 19.5 ‰,…

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