Bulgaria General Information

By | February 5, 2022

Bulgaria has become a very popular destination for a beach holiday. Moreover, completely different segments of the population prefer this country: the coast of Bulgaria is great for children or even for entire families, and, of course, for young people. Rest turns out to be of high quality and rich, and in combination with an affordable price, it is also profitable. According to itypejob.com, Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria.

Meanwhile, Bulgaria has something to brag about even without taking into account the sea coast. On this territory, which is average by European standards, both picturesque valleys with hills and gorges and high Balkan mountains with fast mountain rivers fit. Such relief diversity also affects the country’s climate, which is expressed in a sharp change from the continental to the Mediterranean climatic zone. Thus, holidays in Bulgaria are much more interesting and varied than many tourists imagine.

However, no matter how interesting Bulgaria is in terms of recreational opportunities, for the most part it is known precisely for its golden beaches and vibrant resort life. Many who have visited the coast of Bulgaria are happy to return again, as everything is created there for a good holiday. Comfortable hotels with excellent food, clean sandy beaches with decent infrastructure, warm sea and a variety of excursion programs to the most attractive corners of the country.


Capital: Sofia.

Holidays and non-working days: January 1.2 (New Year), March 3 (Liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman yoke), Easter Monday, April 8, May 1 (Labor Day), May 24 (Celebration of Bulgarian culture and Slavic writing, St. Cyril’s Day and Methodius), December 25 (Christmas).

Geography:The Republic of Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe, in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, on an area of ​​110,993.6 square kilometers. The northern part of the country borders on Romania, the southern part – on the Republic of Turkey and the Greek Republic, the western part – on Serbia and Macedonia, the eastern part is washed by the Black Sea. The length of the state border is 2245 km, including 686 km – river and 378 km – sea. The relief of Bulgaria is diverse – flat and hilly lands occupy about 70% of the land, mountains – about 30%. The highest mountain ranges are Rila (Musala Peak – 2925 m), Pirin (Vihren Peak – 2914 m) and Stara Planina (Hristo Botev Peak – 2376 m). In the south lie the Rhodope Mountains, along which the border with Greece runs. The Danubian hilly plain is the most extensive flat area. The Black Sea coast of Bulgaria is characterized by an extensive beach strip, interspersed with sheer cliffs. The main rivers in Bulgaria are the Danube, Iskar, Tundzha, Maritsa, Yantra.

Climate: In the predominant part of the country the climate is temperate continental, to the south it becomes Mediterranean. The resorts of Bulgaria in the spring-summer and autumn months are characterized by warm mild weather with a long swimming season from May to October. The average air temperature in May is +20°С, in June and September – +25°С, in July and August – +26-28°С.

Population: Bulgaria has about 9 million inhabitants. In addition to the main part – the Bulgarians, ethnic Turks (comprising about 10% of the population), Armenians, Greeks and representatives of other nationalities live here. The population of the capital of Bulgaria – Sofia, the largest center of industry and culture, is more than 1 million inhabitants. Other major cities in the country are Plovdiv, Varna, Burgas and Ruse.

Language:Official – Bulgarian. The basis of the letter is Cyrillic. At all resorts, tourist centers and hotels, the staff speaks Russian, English, German, French. Predominant religion: Bulgarian Orthodox Church – 85%, Islam – 12%. Currency: Bulgarian lev, 1 lev = 100 stotinki. In everyday life, banknotes are in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 leva, coins – 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 stotinki. Major international credit cards can be used in major hotels, car rentals, some restaurants and shopping malls. Currency exchange: Currency exchange is not limited, Russian rubles are not exchanged. It is best to have USD or EU. It is better to make an exchange in banks or specialized exchange offices. Banks are open from 9.00 to 12.00 and from 13.00 to 17.00 on weekdays. The exchange rate is announced every day. To avoid cheating, it is better not to accept the offers of street money changers. Visa: A visa is required to visit the country. Citizens of the Russian Federation under the age of 16 are issued visas free of charge.

Customs regulations: The import of non-canned foodstuffs is prohibited. It is forbidden to export: without special permission – objects and things of historical, artistic or archaeological value. Foreigners are allowed to bring into Bulgaria duty-free 250 cigarettes or 50 cigars, 1 liter of spirits or 2 liters of wine, gifts in a reasonable amount and an unlimited amount of foreign currency. If the total amount of imported currency (local or foreign) exceeds 5000 levs, it must be entered in the customs declaration. Jewelry, video cameras, computers and other expensive items are subject to declaration. When leaving the country, valuables must be included in the declaration. The import and export of levs is prohibited. Import and export of foreign currency is not limited (the declaration is obligatory).

Transport: Intercity bus traffic is organized in Bulgaria, but the buses travel at a slow speed. You can also use the railway network. Persons wishing to rent a car are required to have their passport and international driver’s license with them.

Electricity: Mains voltage – 220 volts throughout the country.

Communication: You can call from almost anywhere, telephones for cards are very common. But it must be remembered that the phone cards of one company do not work in the devices of another, and a call from the post office will cost much less than, for example, from a hotel.

Shops: Opening hours from 9.30 to 18.00. Break for lunch in different shops from 12.00 to 15.30. Small shops in the resort areas are often open without lunch and until 22:00. There are 24 hour shops, some open on Saturdays and Sundays. In Bulgaria, they buy embroidered clothes, linen fabrics, rugs, perfumes from the Valley of Roses, leather goods, handmade silver, copper and iron products as souvenirs. You can buy inexpensive and good quality sheepskin coats. Before making a large purchase, ask about customs regulations

Accommodation: The country has a wide network of public and private hotels.

Beaches: in Bulgaria all the beaches are free and belong to the city, however! umbrellas and sun loungers are paid separately (2-2.5 EU).

Bulgarian cuisine:Deserves special attention. It has much in common with the cuisines of other Balkan countries and Turkey: spicy spices, an abundance of vegetables, and a spicy taste. According to tradition, Bulgarians prefer to cook food on open hearths – skara. Popular dishes are “kebab” (meat on a spit), “kebabche” (fried meat sausages), “shopska salad” (tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet peppers, onions, seasoned with grated cheese, vegetable oil, vinegar, spices), “gyuvech” – stew with potatoes and vegetables, “kavarma” (meat dish with mushrooms, onions and potatoes), “kashkaval pane” (breaded soft homemade cheese), “drob-sarma” (stuffed cabbage stuffed with lamb omentum), ” chushka byurek” (sweet peppers fried in an egg, stuffed with cheese and tomatoes). And you can have a snack with a banitsa – puff pastry pies with cheese. Banitsa is usually eaten with the famous Bulgarian sour milk. The cold Bulgarian soup “tarator” is also very unusual (finely chopped cucumbers, dill, garlic and walnuts are filled with diluted Bulgarian “sour milk”) And, of course, in a country where 1300 varieties of grapes are grown, excellent wine is always on the table. Prices in Bulgaria for food and wine are low (a glass of Bulgarian beer – 80 cents, a glass of local wine – a little more than $ 1, a portion of Shopska salad – $ 1.5, a hot dish costs, on average, $ 4). Especially famous are the folk-style taverns called “mehana” – they serve exclusively national dishes.

Tipping: It is customary to give 5-8 percent of the order value.


Ground delivery method (bus, railway):
1) a valid passport (passport validity is at least 3 months from the date of return from a trip);
2) 3 photos, size 3.5×4.5 cm (see photo requirements);
3) personal data;
4) for children’s groups additionally: application of the participant, permission of both parents to leave the child as part of the group.

1) valid passport (passport valid for at least 3 months from the date of return from the trip);
2) 1 photo 3.5×4.5 cm (see photo requirements);
3) personal data;
4) for children: permission from both parents for the child to travel abroad.

Photo requirements for the Embassy of Bulgaria
1) current color photograph, not more than 3 months old;
2) size – 45 mm by 35 mm;
3) image – frontal (full face);
4) colors – balanced;
5) the background of the photo is light gray;
6) paper – matte;
7) the head should occupy 75% of the photo area (the distance from the chin to the top of the head is 25 mm – 35 mm);

It is not allowed to:
1) scan and retouch the photo;
2) left or right half-face;
3) red, yellow, blue, green background of the picture;
4) a photograph in a hat, scarf, glasses;
5) photo on glossy paper.

Consular fee
Bulgarian visa for citizens of the Republic of Belarus – 60 Euro
*for children under 6 years old – free of charge
Bulgarian visa for citizens of the Russian Federation with a residence permit – 35 Euro
* for children under 6 years old – free of charge
Romanian transit individual visa $ 40, group (from 6 people) – $ 35.

Terms of visa processing
Visas to Bulgaria are opened in Minsk within 7 working days.
Subject to air travel, visas are opened within 7 working days.
Urgent registration is possible within 2 working days (cost 120 Euro).
A transit Romanian visa is opened in Minsk within 3 to 7 business days.

BULGARIA country symbol