Greece Medieval Arts Part II

Greece Medieval Arts 2

The desolate territories of Greece, on which autonomous administrations of the Slavic ethnic groups (Sklavinie) or extensive landed estates practically detached from central power had been established – emblematic appears the case of the rich widow Danelis, who by virtue of her wealth supported the rise of Basil I to the imperial throne -, were repopulated thanks to forced transplants of military and civilian contingents from Anatolia.The Byzantine recovery recorded…

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Greece Medieval Arts Part I

Greece Medieval Arts 1

A state of south-eastern Europe, Greece, which constitutes the southern part of the Balkan peninsula, has a composite geographical system: the continental core, with a mountainous character, is divided into three main ranges – Pindo to the West, Olympus and Pelion to the East; Taygetos in the Peloponnese – covering 80% approx. of the territory, leaving little space for plains of a certain extent, concentrated in the areas of Thessaly…

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Turkey in the 1930’s and 1940’s

Turkey in the 1930's

Confident of having consolidated its security and sovereignty with the Montreux Convention for the Straits (1936), established friendly and collaborative relations with neighboring states through the Balkan Pact (4 February 1934) and the Thessaloniki Agreement with Bulgaria (1938) and with the Eastern Pact or of Sa‛dābād (1937) – which, however, did not stand up to the difficult test of the war already imminent or at least had no principle of…

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Romania Dantesque Encyclopedia

Romania Dantesque Encyclopedia

Assume, as has been done by some recent investigators of D.’s ‘fortune’ in Romania, that the doctors sent by the Republic of Venice to Stephen the Great have brought with them, among their books, also the Comedy, introducing it so the court of the prince, to whom we owe the first artistic and cultural flowering of a genuine Romanian imprint, is only a suggestive hypothesis. It is legitimate instead to…

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Poland Continental Waters

Poland Continental Waters

According to top-engineering-schools, 75.6% of the Polish territory (294.500 sq. Km.) Sends its waters to the Baltic Sea, and 24.4% (94.900 sq. Km.) To the Black Sea. The waterways of the two basins have very different characteristics. While the Baltic tributaries develop in very wide and flat basins, separated from each other by low undulations of the land, so that it was easy to connect them by channels, those of…

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Belgium Flemish Literature

Belgium Flemish Literature

The Van Nu en Straks group (“Of today and tomorrow”) – which, in the years around 1900, had emancipated Flemish literature and raised it to European levels by virtue of a double synthesis, that of the various literary trends of the end of the century and that of all the faculties of man in art did not know how to bar the way, inside and outside, nor to aesthetics (K.…

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Albania Medieval and Modern History

Albania Medieval and Modern History

According to searchforpublicschools, knowledge of Albania has significantly progressed in the last decade, both by virtue of scientific missions (among them some notable geographic-mountaineering missions in the northern Albanian Alps, such as the Italian Floridia-Allegri 1931), and for the organization of services Albanian public authorities (the “Water Service” Shrebime i Ujnavet, established in 1933; the Statistical Office, the Land Registry Service, etc.), operating almost always with the aid of Italian…

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Albania in the 1950’s and 1960’s

Albania in the 1950's and 1960's

In the two-year period 1955-56, the rapprochement between the USSR and Yugoslavia had re-proposed to the Albania the problems that had led to the break with the neighboring republic in 1948 and, therefore, the search for new international support. The Sino-Soviet controversy in the 1960s provided the way for Albanian leaders to change their country’s international position. During the IV congress of the Party of Labor of Albania (PLA), in…

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Spain Economy and Environment

Spain Economy

Economy At the end of Franco’s dictatorship, in 1975, Spain was still a predominantly agricultural country. The strong economic development known between the 1950s and early 1970s was blocked by the impact of the 1973 energy crisis and the consequent economic crisis that lasted during the entire transition period towards democracy. Since the second half of the nineties Spain has instead experienced one of the fastest economic development in Europe.…

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Poland Literature – The Second Half of the 20th Century

Poland Literature - The Second Half of the 20th Century

The 45 years of Poland Popolare This period was characterized in the first place by the division between an ‘internal literature’ (which could not be exempt from a confrontation, sometimes servile, more often conflictual, with the communist power) and a literature of emigration (also with obvious, but not always binding, political implications). The major centers of emigration were Paris and London in Europe, where the exiled writers published in periodicals and in…

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Sweden Economy Overview

Sweden Economy Overview

Sweden is one of the most economically developed countries in the world and this despite the fact that the Swedish economy encounters some limits in physical conditions, starting with the climate, and in the rather limited range of natural resources. Even at the end of the 19th century, Sweden was a poor country, almost exclusively devoted to agriculture, fishing and scarce trade with other Scandinavian countries. Industrialization began timidly in…

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Hungary Geography, Population and Language

Hungary Geography

Hungary is an inland state of Eastern Europe, bordering Slovakia to the N, Ukraine to the NE, Romania to the E, Serbia and Croatia to the S, Slovenia and Austria to the West. Physical characteristics The Hungarian territory is mostly flat (for over 70% of the total surface), with reliefs that reach the maximum altitude to the North, in Mount Kékes (1015 m), which is part of the Mátra group.…

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Portugal Demographics in the 1960’s

Portugal Demographics in the 1960's

After losing the territory of Goa and its dependencies, annexed to India in 1961, during the years 1974-75 his African empire collapsed, since the overseas provinces of Angola, Mozambique, Guinea, Cape Verde, São Tomé e Principe and Cabinda have become independent states. Self-determination is also foreseen for Macao, while Timor was annexed by Indonesia in June 1976. Portugal is one of the most backward European countries. This is confirmed, among…

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Lithuania Demographics, History and Cinema

Lithuania Cinema

Demography and economic geography. – Northern European state. The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties, 60 municipalities and about 500 seniūnija. In each county resided a governor sent by the central state and not elected by the citizens, but on 1 July 2010 the administrations of the counties were abolished, now remained as mere territorial and statistical units, essentially concentrating local political power in the 60 municipalities. At…

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Belgium Criminal, Commercial and International Law

Belgium International Law

Criminal law. – The general principles that inspire the Belgian penal code of 9 June 1867 are common to most European states; rather, it is better to insist on the modifications that were brought about by applying the most recent criminological doctrines. The offenses, distinguished according to the severity of the penalties into crimes, offenses and fines, suppose together a material element and a psychic element. This system, based on…

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Austria Fictions

Austria Fictions

The terrain of fiction is more popular, according to good Austrian custom, and also for this reason more varied, on which many of the authors linked to Graz now move with such reciprocal autonomy as to make the reference to that common denominator only indicatively significant. On the residues of the experimentation, moreover less favored in prose, interests of another kind are established, thematic first of all, as in the…

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Bulgaria Economy and History

Bulgaria Economy

Within the current borders the Bulgaria has a population of 7,629,000 residents (1956), with an average density of 70 residents / km 2. In the twelve-year period 1946-1958 the population of the Bulgaria increased by about 800,000 residents, that is by over 11%, despite the exodus of 160,000 Turks forced to emigrate in the years 1950-52. Between 1946 and 1958 the birth rate decreased from 25.6 ‰ to 19.5 ‰,…

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Zumaia, Spain

Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park

Zumaia Fascinating flysch rocks by the sea Nature has created astonishing things in northern Spain, on the coast of the Basque Country – an impressive geopark. The “obstetricians” of this phenomenon are wind and waves. Whenever the Cantabrian Sea retreats at the places Zumaia, Deba and Mutriku, the ebb obviously does something amazing. What is then visible is the so-called “flysch”, which can be translated as “slippery terrain”. These are…

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Valais, Switzerland

Valais, Switzerland

In the canton of Valais stands the tourism in the forefront. The French-German-speaking canton lives from the annual winter and alpine tourism. Located in a stunning Berglandschaft, the canton has manners as capital. The canton of Valais is a member of the Swiss Confederation and consists for the most part of the valley of the Rhon e, extends to Lake Geneva and the side valleys. Mostly you will find valley…

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Zug, Switzerland

Zug, Switzerland

Zug is a German speaking Canton in Switzerland. He is a member of the Swiss Confederation and has as its capital the same place train. Zug is also the smallest whole canton in Switzerland. It measures just 239 square kilometers. Nevertheless, it is one of the richest cantons. Of its total area, about 110 square kilometers will be used as meadow and farmland utilized. 61 square kilometers are forest areas,…

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Latvia Society and Culture

Latvia Society and Culture

Social development Until its independence on September 6, 1991, Latvia was integrated into the welfare and social security system in force in the remaining republics of the former Soviet Union. In other words, citizens enjoyed extensive social coverage that included medical assistance, unemployment insurance, pensions for disability and work accidents, study and training grants and, above all, job stability. Education In the period 1990 – 1991, according to topschoolsintheusa, 303,570 school-age children of both sexes…

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Romania Economy Overview

Romania Economy Overview

Like and more than other countries that were part of the so-called “socialist camp”, Romania lived in the last years of the century. XX a radical and dramatic transformation of its economy and only with the beginning of the following century did it resume a significant pace of growth, albeit marred by many inequalities and distortions. Until the moment of the outbreak of the revolution (1989) which overthrew the dictatorship…

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Greece Environment and Services

Greece Environment and Services

TERRITORY: ENVIRONMENT According to Topb2bwebsites, the most widespread formation in mainland Greece and the islands is the Mediterranean scrub, which affects the flat areas, the islands and the best exposed slopes of the reliefs up to an altitude of approx. 1000 m. In the flat regions there are also orange, olive, date, pomegranate and fig trees. The vine thrives on the hills. In the range between 1000 and 2000 m…

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Romania Agriculture, Livestock and Fishing

Romania Agriculture

The agricultural sector, which still affects a high percentage of the active population even if it is decreasing (over 35% in 2002, compared to 40% in 1999), retains its traditional importance, even if its participation in the formation of GDP is dropped to 7.2% (2008). After that in the eighties of the century. XX Romanian farms, both large, collective or state-owned, and the few small family-run ones, had enjoyed state…

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Poland Landmarks

Poland Landmarks

Poland is located in Central Europe and borders on the to the north Baltic Sea, to Lithuania, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine, in the south to the Czech Republic and Slovakia and in the west to Germany. According to Constructmaterials, Poland has a varied natural landscape. The Beskydy and Bieszczady Mountains south of Poland and the Rivers Vistula and Oder with their numerous tributaries determine this landscape picture. The Masurian Lake…

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Facts of Germany

Facts of Germany

Below you will find practical information in connection with trips to Germany Language: German Capital: Berlin Population: 80, 5 million. Religion: Roman Catholic and Protestant Currency: Euro Surface: 357 022 km2 Worth knowing Time difference There is no time difference between Germany and Sweden. Transport in Germany The buses in Germany are of a good standard and are usually equipped with air conditioning. The public transport system is well developed…

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Netherlands Human Geography

Netherlands Country and People

The Dutch territory has attracted man since very remote times, as evidenced by the numerous remains of human activity dating back to the Upper Paleolithic (in Drenthe, Overijssel, etc.). Starting from the second millennium a. C., due to its position of convergence within Europe, the cultural contributions that the country received were different: they came both from Celtic peoples from S, and from Germanic populations (Frisoni, Batavi) from N and…

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Travel to Germany

Travel to Germany

It’s hard to hear anything under the beautifully decorated arches: high-waisted waitresses slam heavy glasses and mugs on the long tables and men in lederhosen suddenly put the alpha horn in front of their mouths and make the guests sing along in common singing. The old historic brewery Hofbräuhaus am Platzl in the heart of the million-dollar city of Munich is cozy with a big G. It is no less…

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Foreign Fighters from Russia and Central Asia Part III

Russia and Central Asia 3

8: Central Asian IS fighters About. 4,000 Central Asian foreign fighters are in Syria. Many are part of IS, but most will be with the Nusra Front (now: Al Sham, which seems to distance itself somewhat from Al Qaeda ). A few Central Asians are also in Chechen groups. Although the tendency is to cut all the Central Asian countries into one comb, these countries deal with foreign fighters very…

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Foreign Fighters from Russia and Central Asia Part II

Russia and Central Asia 2

5: Radicalization of Chechen separatists Most Russian foreign fighters in Syria come from Chechnya and Dagestan in the North Caucasus. Rebels in Chechnya have been aiming for independence from Russia since 1991, much to the concern of the central government in Moscow. The first Chechen war (1994–1996) ended with the Russian authorities withdrawing troops and postponing the fate of the republics. Already during and after the first Chechen war, the…

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