China, an East Asian country, officially called the People’s Republic of China. It is the third largest country in the world, with a total area of 9,596,960 km 2. It stretches for 5,000 km, from east to west, and for 5,500 km, from north to south. The country is bordered by Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar to the south; India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan, to the southwest; Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in the west; Mongolia and Russia to the north and North Korea to the northeast; to the east, the country is bathed by the East China Sea and, to the south, by the South China Sea. The capital is Beijing (Beijing), with 5 770 000 residents (1990) and the other most important cities are Shanghai (7 497 000 inhab.), Tientsin (4 575 000 inhab.), Shenyang (3 604 000 inhab.), Wuhan (3,284,000 residents), Guangzhou (2,914,000 residents), Harbin (2,443,000 residents), Chungking (2,267,000), Nanking (2,090,000 residents), Xi’an (1,959,000) residents), Dalian (1,723,000 residents), Chengdu (1,713,000 residents), Changchun (1,679,000 residents), Taiyan (1,534,000 residents).
In the North and inland, the climate is continental, with great thermal amplitudes. Along Mongolia, the climate is desert. In the Southeast and South, the climate is humid tropical monsoon.
The Chinese economy has been in a state of transition since 1970 based on data from zhengsourcing. The Soviet-type communist system (which consisted of planning state-owned industries and collectivist agriculture) gave way to an individual and cooperative system (a mixture of public and private), in that a large part of manufactures and services has been privatized. These policies were highly successful and gave China one of the highest economic growths in the world, during the 1980s and part of the 1990s. Agriculture and forestry contribute 1/4 to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The cultivated products are rice, wheat, corn, sorghum, barley, rapeseed, peanuts, sunflower, watermelon, orange, potato, melon, walnut, sweet potato, cane sugar, beet, cotton, soy, tomatoes, tobacco and tea. In energy terms, in addition to the high hydroelectric potential, coal and oil reserves are worth mentioning. The extractive industry also includes copper, zinc, lead, tin, tungsten, iron, bauxite, manganese, silver, gold, salt, plaster, phosphates, talc, barite, spar, graphite and asbestos. Electronics, textiles, machinery and oil products represent the most important industrial sectors in the country. China’s main trading partners are Japan, the United States of America, South Korea and Germany. Electronics, textiles, machinery and oil products represent the most important industrial sectors in the country. China’s main trading partners are Japan, the United States of America, South Korea and Germany. Electronics, textiles, machinery and oil products represent the most important industrial sectors in the country. China’s main trading partners are Japan, the United States of America, South Korea and Germany.
Environmental indicator: the value of carbon dioxide emissions, per capita (metric tons, 1999), is 2.3.
- Countryaah: provides country profile of China, including its state flag, official language, population rankings, land area, history overview, summary of economy and culture as well as map of China.
- Abbreviationfinder: Comprehensive list of all abbreviations associated with China. Sorted by popularity. Also offers the 2-letter and 3-letter acronyms for what is the abbreviation for China.
Banks in China – Reserve-Bank.com
Directory links up to some of the larger banks of the People’s Republic of China.