Egypt is a northern African country. Located in the northeast corner of the African continent and still covering part of Asia (Sinai peninsula), it has an area of 1 001 450 km 2 . It is limited to the east by Israel, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea, to the south by Sudan, to the west by Libya and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. The main cities are Cairo, the capital, with a population of 8,133,600 residents (2004), Alexandria (3,700,300 residents) and Giza (2,655,200 residents).
Egypt, considered in Antiquity as a “gift” of the Nile, reflects the proximity of the longest river in the world: landscapes characteristic of extremely arid regions and areas where vegetation exists, constituting true oases. In the mountains south of Sinai comes Mount Catarina, which, at 2629 m, is the highest peak in the country.
The climate is hot desert in most of the country. Precipitation is very low and temperatures are moderate in winter and quite high in summer.
Much of the country’s wealth is found in mineral reserves of iron, oil, natural gas, phosphates, salt and clay. About 70% of the industry is nationalized, the activity associated with oil and natural gas being dominant. Foreign investment has allowed for the execution of several economic projects. Agriculture occupies 40% of the population and represents 20% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), including sugarcane, corn, tomatoes, wheat, orange, sorghum and cotton. But, as the birth rate is very high, the country needs to import several food items. Egypt’s main trading partners are the United States of America, Italy and Germany.
Environmental indicator: the value of carbon dioxide emissions, per capita, (metric tons, 1999) is 2.0.
- Countryaah: provides country profile of Egypt, including its state flag, official language, population rankings, land area, history overview, summary of economy and culture as well as map of Egypt.
- Abbreviationfinder: Comprehensive list of all abbreviations associated with Egypt. Sorted by popularity. Also offers the 2-letter and 3-letter acronyms for what is the abbreviation for Egypt.
Commercial International Bank
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Egyptian American Bank
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Misr Exterior Bank
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Suez Canal Bank
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