A Western European country, France is bathed by the English Channel to the north, the Bay of Biscay to the west and the Mediterranean Sea and Monaco to the south, and borders Belgium and Luxembourg to the northeast, Germany and Switzerland to the east. , Italy to the southeast and Spain and Andorra to the southwest. It has an area of 551 500 km 2 (including the island of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea).
The main cities are Paris, the capital, with 10.9 million residents (2018), Lyon (1.69 million inhab.), Marseille (1.59 million inhab.), Lille (1.05 million inhab.), Toulouse (997 000 inhab.) And Bordeaux (945 000 inhab.).
The territory of France presents marked contrasts in terms of relief: in the Southeast and Southwest, respectively, the mountain ranges of the Alps and the Pyrenees; in the central part, the Central Massif; in the Northeast, ancient reliefs (Jura, Vosgos, Ardennes); in the North and West, vast plains crossed by rivers (Seine, Loire, Garonne). It is in the French Alps that the highest point in Western Europe is found, Monte Branco, with 4807 meters of altitude.
France’s location conditions the country’s diversity and climatic variation, which has a temperate maritime climate in the Northwest, and a Mediterranean climate in the South. To the east, towards the border with Germany, the climate reflects the influence of continentality, translated into greater temperature variations between summer and winter and the greater amount of rainfall that occurs in summer.
As for the highlands of the Pyrenees, the Alps, snowfall is frequent in winter, with even perpetual snows at the highest points.
France is one of the most developed countries in Europe and the World, part of the G7, the group of the seven richest countries in the World.
With 3/5 of arable land, France is the leader of the European agricultural sector, with cereals, sugar beet, wine products, fruits, vegetables and dairy products standing out. Forestry also plays an important role in the French economy thanks to the extensive forested area (about 90 000 km 2 ).
French industry is highly rated worldwide, especially with regard to the automotive, aeronautical, metallurgical and textile industries, as well as those linked to chemicals and food products.
The tertiary sector is the most important sector for the French economy, as it employs 2/3 of the active population and represents more than 60% of GDP. This is not unrelated to the development recorded in activities such as tourism (France has numerous tourist attractions, ranging from the variety of landscapes to the famous French cuisine, passing through the excellent weather conditions and its historical and cultural wealth), transport and communications and financial activity. France’s main trading partners are Germany, Spain, Italy, Belgium and the United Kingdom.
The population, in 2017, was 62 814 233 residents, and the birth and death rates were, respectively, 12.2% o and 9.3% o . Average life expectancy is 81.9 years.
The population of French origin represents 93.6% of the population, followed by the Portuguese (1.1%), Algerian (1.1%), Moroccan (1%), Italian (0.4%) and Spanish (0.4%). In terms of religion, Catholicism dominates (66%), followed by Islam (8%). The official language is French.
Art and Culture
France has been known for centuries for its enormous cultural wealth. From painting to sculpture, from literature to cinema, this country was the birthplace of numerous artistic currents and the list of famous names that, over the years, have served as a point of reference for many artists around the globe, is huge: Victor Hugo, Pierre -Auguste Renoir, Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, etc.
- Countryaah: provides country profile of France, including its state flag, official language, population rankings, land area, history overview, summary of economy and culture as well as map of France.
- Abbreviationfinder: Comprehensive list of all abbreviations associated with France. Sorted by popularity. Also offers the 2-letter and 3-letter acronyms for what is the abbreviation for France.
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Credit Agricole Indosuez
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