Geography and Main Cities of India

By | October 4, 2021

According to Best-medical-schools, India is a republic in South Asia and, with a population of just over 1.3 billion, the most populous country in the world after China. The population of India is very diverse due to the different beliefs. Hinduism is the leading religion in the country. India borders Pakistan, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh. India is made up of a total of 28 states.

In the south, the country is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean. The entire coast stretches for 7,000 km. The Himalayas form the natural border in the north and northeast of India. India’s highest point is 8,586 m on the Kangchendzönga mountain. From the Himalayas, the country extends over 3,000 km to the south.

The central region of India consists of a fertile plain and is shaped by the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and Brahmaputra. The most important city in this region is the capital New Delhi, as well as Agra. In the estuary of the Ganges lies the city of Calcutta, which is considered the most important city in the eastern region. West India, on the other hand, consists of desert areas, plateaus and mountains.

The main cities are Bombay and Jaipur. There are numerous beautiful beaches on the west Indian coast that are well worth seeing. Bombay is also home to the Indian film industry, which is known worldwide as Bollywood and is now very popular. The Dekkan plateau, which covers most of the Indian peninsula and extends to the south, begins south of the Ganges plain. The most important cities in the south include the third largest city ​​in India Bangalore and the city of Chennai, which is considered the fifth largest city in India, and the city of Goa on the west coast.

New Delhi is the capital of India. It was built in 1929 south of the old town of Delhi and, with an area of ​​only 42.7 km², is a small part of the metropolis of Delhi. After the ceremonial handover in 1931, New Delhi became the seat of the Indian government. The cityscape of New Delhi with its large parks, the many avenues and magnificent colonial buildings stands out clearly from other metropolises. The outstanding buildings include the presidential residence Rashtrapati Bhavan or the India Gate. In addition, there are numerous museums worth seeing in the city on the history, art and culture of the country.

Agra is a city in central India in the western part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Agra was the capital of the Mongul Empire. The Red Fort dates from this time, one of the sights in Agra, which you should visit in principle. Even more famous is the Taj Mahal mausoleum, which the great Mughal Shah Jahan had built. Both buildings are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The state of Rajasthan is the largest in India. It is characterized by fertile plains, desert areas and mountains. Rajasthan is known for the many historical cultural monuments and palaces. The region is well developed for tourism and has a high density of hotels. The capital of the state of Rajasthan is Jaipur.

Jaipur is located about 300 km southwest of New Delhi and is one of the most important cities in India. The city is the economic and cultural center of this region, as well as an important transport hub in the country. An outstanding sight of the city is the Palace of the Winds, which one or the other has surely heard of. There are also numerous museums, theaters and other cultural monuments to visit.

The city of Chennai is located on the east coast of southern India on the Gulf of Bengal. It is the fifth largest city in India and the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu. In Chennai, visitors can admire some interesting colonial buildings. There are museums, theaters and countless cinemas that provide variety. Chennai is known and loved by the 12 km long sandy beach Marina Beach.

With around 8.4 million inhabitants, Bangalore is the third largest city in India and the capital of the state of Karnataka. The city is located on the Dekkan plateau in the center of southern India. Bangalore is the center of the aerospace and IT industries in India. Because of the many parks, Bangalore is also called the garden city. The palace of Bangalore and the parliament Vidhana Soudha are worth seeing.

Kolkata is the most important city in East India and the capital of the state of West Bengal. It is the economic and cultural center of this region and has universities, theaters, museums and galleries. The Indian Museum and countless colonial buildings are worth seeing. The main attractions are the Victoria Memorial and St. Paul’s Cathedral.

The largest city in India is Bombay, which has officially been called Mumbai since 1996. It is located on the west coast and is the capital of the state of Maharashtra. Bombay is a cosmopolitan city and significant as one of the leading centers of the film industry, also known as Bollywood. As a cultural city, the city has a large number of theaters, museums and of course cinemas. One of the city’s landmarks is the Gate of India.

Main Cities of India