Germany General Information

By | February 8, 2022

Germany is the largest state in Central Europe, and in terms of population it is among the top twenty countries in the world. These figures already speak of the great importance of Germany on the world stage, but it is known not only for its strong economy and peculiar mentality, but also for the beauty of its land. According to, Berlin is the capital of Germany.

In principle, Germany has all kinds of natural relief: from the green lowlands in the north to the foothills of the Alps and directly to the Alps themselves in the south. The northern border of the country goes to the Baltic and North Seas, which increases the number of interested tourists. In addition, a huge number of rivers flow on the territory of Germany, there are also lakes, which is also its significant decoration. If we take into account the originality of each of the cities, and absolutely any city, regardless of its size, and add all the versatility of German nature, then we get an ideal country for travel and sightseeing tours. You yourself will be surprised how many fantastic stories this state keeps and how beautiful all German cities without exception are. Munich, Cologne, Dresden, Trier, Potsdam and a huge number of other places share centuries-old traditions and their beauty with guests every year. The fame of the beauties of this country is quickly spread by enthusiastic tourists who have already been there, so sightseeing tours to Germany from Minsk are bought up from travel agencies like hot cakes.

In particular, it is worth noting the real capital of the state – Berlin. Absolutely everything is interesting here, from the history of the creation of the city to its modern way of life. Its formation was influenced by the once-existing division into the FRG and the GDR. Under the influence of the opposing parts of one city, a very diverse image of modern Berlin was formed. The play of architectural trends, as well as the combination of old buildings and a new look at urban planning, made Berlin an impressive city with a thousand faces. Every time you come here, you will find something new, so the capital, like the country itself as a whole, is an excellent destination for repeated fascinating trips. Probably, tours to Germany by bus are the best way to get acquainted with the country, because the country can show a lot, and your task is not to miss anything.


Capital, major cities:
Berlin (Berlin)
Munich, Frankfurt, Düsseldorf, Bremen, Bonn, Cologne Alpine
Alpine skiing in Germany, although it cannot boast of outstanding slopes in terms of complexity, duration and steepness, steadily gathers a fair number of vacationers at its winter resorts – in including from Russia. First of all, lovers (namely amateurs, not professionals) of skiing are attracted by prices in hotels and resorts – holidays in Germany are cheaper than in France and Austria (but higher than in Andorra).
The notorious German punctuality turns into solid pluses for tourists: the tracks, although for the most part uncomplicated, are in perfect condition even at the height of the season, and transport runs exactly on schedule even during peak hours. Rest in Germany also implies very good service, rich sightseeing opportunities and good shopping. And some tourists go at the same time to see friends and relatives, because more than two million former Russians live in the country.

Aeroflot’s regular flights fly to Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Dusseldorf, and Frankfurt. Lufthansa operates direct flights to Frankfurt and Munich.
The Moscow-Berlin train runs on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays in winter (departure from the Belorussky railway station via Minsk, Smolensk; travel time – 27 hours). The Moscow-Cologne train departs daily from the Belorussky railway station and goes through Smolensk, Warsaw, Magdeburg, Hannover, Dortmund and Dusseldorf (38 hours on the way).

Where to stay
German hotels, as a rule, are fully adequate for their “star rating”, everything in them is always clean and in good order. Under the “excursion” city hotels of the level of 3-4 “stars” are usually used: standard rooms and good food. Breakfasts are buffet style everywhere, even in “kopeck pieces”, which adds to the rest in Germany even more attractive.
There are few 5 * hotels in the ski resorts of Germany, mostly 3-4 *. There are practically no hotels near the ski lifts (you need to use the “ski-bus”). Many establishments are family-owned (the owners themselves stand behind the reception desk, everything is home-like).


Accompanying documents must be submitted in German or English or accompanied by an appropriate translation.

  1. Two photographs(color glossy photo, not older than 6 months, size 3.5*4.5 cm.);
  2. Passport / international passport for citizens of the Russian Federation, valid for 3 months from the date of the intended departure from the territory of the Schengen Agreement member states. Must have been issued within the last 10 years. The passport must have at least 2 free pages with the inscription “Visa”.
  3. Copy of passport:
  • photocopies of pages containing personal information;
  • for citizens of the Russian Federation also a copy of the residence permit and the original.
  1. International health insurance, valid on the territory of the Schengen member states, for the entire planned period of stay. The minimum amount of insurance coverage is 30,000 euros.
  2. Proof of employment/economic solvency:

5.1. For employees: a certificate on the letterhead of the employer, which indicates the date of employment, qualifications, wages (a breakdown of wages for the last 3 months is given ) and an extract from a bank account / card account (the available amount is at least 45 euros per day per person ).

5.2. For individual entrepreneurs: certificate of state registration and last tax payments, as well as a certificate that there are no debts for the last 3 months and a bank statement (minimum available balance of 1000-1100 euros).

  1. Non-working:

6.1. Students:

  • a certificate from the dean’s office confirming the current place of study (in case of requesting a visa during the study period, permission from the dean’s office for absence from classes is required);
  • copy of student card;
  • copies of the record book, agreement with the university and hostel for foreign students;
  • confirmation of the availability of a sufficient amount of financial resources (certificate of employment / bank statement (available amount of at least 45 euros per day per person).

6.2. Students:

  • certificate from the place of study (in case of requesting a visa during the study period, permission to be absent from classes is required);
  • sponsor’s documents: free-form sponsorship letter; a copy of the sponsor’s passport; documents confirming relationship; certificate of employment and an extract from the bank account of the sponsor (the available amount is not less than 45 euros per day per person)).

6.3. Pensioners:

  • a copy of the pension certificate;
  • certificate of the received pension (decryption of payment for the last 3 months) and an extract from the bank account (the available amount is not less than 45 euros per day per person).

6.4. Other non-working citizens:

  • photocopies of work book pages containing personal data and indicating places of work for the last 3 years, or a copy of a diploma (if the applicant graduated from an educational institution no more than 6 months ago);
  • bank account statement (minimum available balance 1000-1100 euros).
  • documents confirming the ownership of real estate or other sources of income (copies)
  1. For minors:
  • birth certificate (copy and original);
  • if the minor is traveling with one of the parents or accompanied by a third person, the consent of the parents / absent parent must be presented with a notarized signature in the original and with a copy attached
  • the presence of one of the parents when applying for a child is required

Consular fee – 35 euros, citizens of the Russian Federation – 35 euros. For children under 12 years old – free of charge.

A visa is issued within 8-10 working days, but the embassy reserves the right to extend the time for consideration of documents.

It is important to remember that the listed list includes the minimum list of documents that must be provided when applying for a visa. The Embassy reserves the right to request additional documentation at its discretion.


Import and export of national and foreign currency is not limited. Cash amounts over EUR 15,000 must be declared.
There are no customs restrictions for EU citizens traveling within the EU. For citizens of countries outside the EU, as well as for all categories of tourists, the import of the following goods is restricted: up to 10 liters of spirits (over 22°C), up to 20 liters of strong wine, 90 liters of table wine, 110 liters of beer, other goods in the amount not exceeding 400 EUR.
If the goods are purchased outside the EU – up to 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 gr. tobacco, up to 2 liters of table wine, up to 1 liter of spirits or 2 liters of spirits with a strength of up to 22 ° or 2 additional liters of table wine, up to 60 ml of perfume or 250 ml of toilet water, other goods in the amount not exceeding 60 EUR.
The import of meat and meat products, drugs, poisons, psychotropic substances, weapons is prohibited. The export of fuel is prohibited: when traveling by car, the reserve canister should not contain more than 10 liters.

German customs officers in Germany are often interested in whether passengers are carrying vodka and cigarettes. They may ask you to open your suitcase or bag.


Legoland is a Lego amusement park in Germany, located in close proximity to the A8 autobahn, which connects the largest cities of Munich and Stuttgart. The park is designed for parents with children from 2 to 13 years old. It is convenient to get here by train from Munich to Gunzburg (1.5 hours on the way, 17 EUR for an adult ticket, 9 EUR for a child 6-14 years old), then a shuttle to the park. Entrance tickets for one day – 24/19 EUR, for two days – 35/29 EUR for an adult / child under 12 years old.

Europa Park – here you can get around the whole of Europe in a day. This amusement park is located in the southwest of the country, where the borders of Germany, France and Switzerland converge. It is open from April 5 to November 9 daily from 9:00 to 18:00. It is convenient to get here by train from Frankfurt to Offenburg or Lara (2 hours, 50/25 EUR ticket for an adult / child 6-14 years old), then by bus to the park. Entrance tickets for one day – 25 / 22.5 EUR, for two days – 45 / 41.5 EUR for an adult / child under 12 years old.
Phantasialand amusement park has been operating for over 30 years. The local “highlight” of the program is the space show “Galaxy”, a journey through the Milky Way with impressive effects and dynamic simulation of space flight. In addition, there are “Adventures in Colorado with Michael Jackson” (do not think bad), “A spectacular cruise on the raging Hollywood rivers”, “Phantom show”, “Loop”, “Viking ship”, “Kodak Tower”, ” Berlin Carousel” and much more. Phantasialand is open from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm daily from April 1st to October 31st. From Cologne, you can get here by train in just 15 minutes. Entrance tickets for one day – 24.5 / 19.5 EUR, for two days – 37/27 EUR for an adult / child under 12 years old.
To understand that Hansa Park– for thrill-seekers, it is enough to read the names of several attractions: “Flying Shark”, “Petrel”, “Superfall”. However, there are options for a quiet holiday with kids. Hansa Park is open from April 17 to October 19 daily from 9:00 to 18:00. It is located near Lübeck, on the coast of the Baltic Sea. It is convenient to get here by train from Hamburg to the town of Sierksdorf (1.5 hours), from there – 10 minutes on foot. Entrance tickets for one day – 19 / 17 EUR for an adult / child up to 4-14 years old.


Garmisch-Partenkirchen is one of the most popular ski resorts in Germany. Located at the foot of the country’s highest mountain, the Zugspitze. In terms of skiing, it is suitable for both beginners and ski professionals. The best time for a winter holiday here is from the beginning of January to the end of March.

Not only lovers of downhill skiing go to Garmisch-Partenkirchen: it is also a unique natural-climatic and balneological resort.


The resort is divided into two main ski areas: Zugspitze (Zugspitze, 2964 m) and Garmisch-Classic (Garmisch-Classic). Garmisch Classic, in turn, can be divided into the following ski areas: Wank (Wank, 1780m), Eckbauer (Eckbauer, 1238 m) – for beginners, there are wide and gentle slopes, Alpspitze (Alpspitze, 2628 m), Hausberg (Hausberg, 1350 m), Osterfelder (Osterfelder, 2050 m), Kreuzeck (Kreuzeck, 1650 m).

The Zugspitze is a rocky peak with a steep western slope and a glacier on a gentle eastern slope, the only place in the country where you can ski even in summer. A dozen lifts have been installed on the glacier, 18 km of trails up to 3 km long have been created for every taste: there is a two-kilometer section for extreme sports and deep snow for lovers of virgin lands.

The Vank area is an ideal place for beginners: it is warm, light, the trails are comfortable, gentle and safe. For those who do not like to roast in the sun, the Eckbauer district is suitable, the tracks of which lead to the Olympic ski jumps. Two-thirds of the slope here is constantly in the shade. There is a wide slalom track.

The Alpspitze area, connected to other major ski areas (Hausberg, Keuzeck and Osterfelder), pleases with a wide variety of pistes. This is a popular skiing area: on weekends and holidays there can be long queues for the lifts.

The Hausberg area is well suited for beginner skiers and snowboarders. Here, at the lower station of the road, there is a snowboard school (you can hire an instructor and rent equipment).

The Osterfelder area is for intermediate skiers. Here is a very high quality snow and invariably excellent condition of the slopes. Kreuzeck boasts six kilometers of scenic trails through the forest. Some areas in the upper part of the district will please Moguls. There are no illuminated trails in Kreuzeck.

GERMANY country symbol