Hawaii History

By | October 15, 2021

According to ehangzhou, Hawaii (formerly called the Sandwich Islands), is the 50th state of the United States, and comprises the majority of the archipelago, collectively called the Hawaiian Islands. Located approx. 3,700 km (2,300 miles ) southwest of the west coast of the United States in the Pacific Ocean, and the southernmost state in the United States.


300-700 – Polynesian settlers arrived in canoes from the Marquesas Islands.

1627 – Spanish sailors visit Hawaii. A captain described a volcanic eruption in his logbook, which was the first time the islands were mentioned.

1778 – English explorer James Cook is probably the first European to set foot on the islands. He calls his discovery the Sandwich Islands after one of his sponsors, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. Cook then continued his search for the Northwest Passage, mapping the Pacific Ocean so accurately that his map was used for the next 100 years. Captain Cook was killed the following year near the site where he first set foot on the island in Kealakekua Bay.

1780s – Many native islanders died of the disease brought by travelers from European and American merchant ships.

1810 – The islands are united under King Kamehameha the Great.

1813 – A Spanish adviser to Kamehameha, Don Francisco de Paula Marin, introduces coffee and pineapple to the king.

1819 – King Kamehameha I dies; the son Liholiho became Kamehameha II ; he abolished the local religion.

1820 – Christian missionaries arrive.

1824 – King Kamehameha II dies in London.

1825 – Kauikeaouli takes over the throne and becomes Kamehameha III.

1826 – The United States and Hawaii sign a treaty of friendship and begin trading with each other.

1829 – The first coffee plant is planted in Kona.

1831 – Catholic missionaries are forced to leave the island or be imprisoned. See the letter here.

1835 – The first sugar plantations are established in Koloa.

1839 – Roman Catholicism gains religious freedom.

1843 – Lord George Paulet occupies Hawaii for England ; Britain and France agreed to make the Sandwich Islands an independent state.

1841 – The news newspaper Polynesian, printed in Honululu, writes that the United States had established a naval base in Hawaii that served as protection for American citizens and the whale industry.

1846 – Construction of Washington Place (governor’s residence) is completed.

1853 – A smallpox epidemic spreads, killing 5,000.

1854 – Kamehameha III dies; Alexander Liholiho took over the throne as Kamehameha IV.

1863 – Kamehameha IV dies; Prince Lot Kapuaiwa took the throne as Kamehameha V.

1864 – Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) arrives at the Port of Honululu.

1872 – The Kamehameha dynasty ceases to rule the islands when Kamehameha V dies. Read more here.

1873 – William Lunalilo is elected king. He was the most liberal king in Hawaii’s history, but also the shortest reigning monarch.

1874 – On February 12, King Kalakuau’s king after Lunalilo dies of tuberculosis, and reigns until his death on January 20, 1891.

1878 – The first telephone comes into use; the Portuguese arrived from the Azores.

1879 – The first locomotive runs on Maui.

1886 – Electricity comes to the islands.

1887 – The formal monarchy ends.

1891 – Kalakaua dies; Lydia Kamake’eha became Queen Lili’uokalani.

1893 – A monarchy overthrows the government, ministers, plantation owners, and businessmen.

1894 – The Republic of Hawaii is established.

1898 – The Republic is annexed by the United States.

1899 – The United States establishes a naval base in May at Pearl Harbor.

1900 – the islands gain autonomy; on January 20, there is a huge spread of 41 arson fires in Chinatown, Honululu, causing $ 1.4 million in damage, 7,000 homeless; Hawaii was established as American territory.

1910 – First flight with an airplane takes place.

1916 – Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is established on August 1. The park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987.

1924 – Work riots at Hanapepe kill 16 workers and 4 police officers.

1934 – President Roosevelt visits Hawaii for the second time in his term.

1941 – The islands are attacked by the Japanese on December 7. The United States enters World War II on the Allied side.

1935 – The first flight from San Francisco to Hawaii takes 21 hours.

1941 – The attack on Pearl Harbor begins on Sunday, December 7 at 7:55 local time. This was casus belli for the United States’ entry into World War II. The next day, Roosevelt delivered his disgraceful speech. Adolf Hitler then followed suit by also declaring war on the United States, which resulted in the United States being involved in the war in Europe.

1942 – Battle of Midway is a naval battle between the Japanese and US Navy on the Midway Islands in the Pacific during World War II. The battle was provoked by Japan and lasted from 4 to 7 June.

1946 – Hilo on the northeast coast of Hawaii (The Big Island) is hit by a tsunami on April 1. 159 people were killed, major property damage in the lower areas of the city.

1950 – Mauna Loa volcano erupts, destroying the village of Ho’okena mauka.

1952 – Kaika Bay near Haleiwa on the north coast of Oahu is hit by a tsunami on November 4. No one was killed, but major property damage.

1957 – Laie Point on the northeast coast of Oahu is hit by a March 9 tsunami. No one was killed, but major property damage.

1959 – Hawaii is admitted on August 21 as the 50th state of the United States.

1960 – Hilo on the northeast coast of Hawaii (The Big Island) is hit by a tsunami on May 23. 61 people were killed, major property damage.

1969 – The TV series “Hawaii Five-Oh” premieres.

1973 – Aloha from Hawaii, was a live concert with Elvis Presley live satellite broadcast on January 14 at the Honululu International Center ( Neal S. Blaisdell Center ), shown in over 40 countries in Asia and Europe. The United States first showed the concert on April 4th. The show was the most expensive so far, $ 2.5 million See it here.

1975 – A very large tsunami on November 29, in Punalu’u on the southeast coast of Hawaii (The Big Island). 2 people were killed, major property damage.

1980 – On December 11 in the United States, the TV series Magnum PI starring Tom Selleck premieres. It was primarily recorded in Oahu.

1982 – Hurricane Iwa causes $ 312 million in damage, destroying parts of Kauai and Oahu.

1990 – Kilauea erupts, destroying parts of Kalapana. A hotel, Coco Palms Resort, famous for Elvis Presley’s Blue Hawaii – never reopened. More than 7,000 became homeless.

1992 – Hurricane Iniki hits Kauai; killed 4, causing $ 2 billion in damage.

1999 – The producers of the Baywatch series made a spin-off of the one that became known as: Baywatch Hawaii, which lasted only 2 seasons.

2001 – The epic film about Pearl Harbor, directed by Michael Bay, is released on May 25 in the United States. Starring in the film are Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Alec Baldwin, Jon Voight, Kate Beckinsale and Cuba Gooding, Jr..

2006 – An earthquake causes a power outage and topples over stone walls.

2008 – USS Lake Erie and two other ships are tasked with hitting and shooting down the failed US-193 satellite shortly before it would burn up. On February 21, a missile was fired and was later confirmed to have hit the spot.

2011 – Thousands of people are ordered to evacuate the coastal area as the earthquake in Japan could create a tsunami.

on December 7, the 70th anniversary of the Attack on Pearl Harbor was honored for the survivors. Watch video here.

Hawaii History