Lithuania General Information

By | February 13, 2022

Lithuania is a godsend for those who are used to a measured and comfortable rest. It seems that everything here is conducive to a calm, but memorable pastime for a long time. Tours to Lithuania from Minsk allow you to discover all the beauty of the Baltic country with its cozy natural landscapes, amber coasts, sand dunes, lakes with crystal clear glacial water. According to, Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania.

Surprisingly, with an impeccable service that fully corresponds to the European level, tours to Lithuania for the weekend from Minsk remain traditionally accessible and inexpensive. Among all the countries of Eastern Europe, Lithuania is the most popular ecotourism destination. Add exciting sightseeing tours to Lithuania here, and you will understand that it is impossible to refuse the chance to get to know Druskininkai, Vilnius and Kaunas live.

As the reviews of vacationers show, the tourism industry in this area is at a high level. Numerous hotels, including five-star ones, are offered to the attention of guests of the country. For those who want not only to relax, but also to gain strength before the next trip to their favorite resort, there are many sanatoriums with a wide range of medical, cosmetic and preventive services.

Please note that the list of programs is not limited, you can always develop your own itinerary for traveling around Lithuania by bus, an unforgettable tour for the holidays or Christmas holidays. Relax with pleasure!


Area – 65,300 sq. km.
The total length of the borders is 1,731 km
, of which 90 km along the Baltic Sea.
with Latvia – 546 km.
with Belarus – 650 km.
with Poland – 110 km.
with the Kaliningrad region (Russia) – 303 km.

Population – 3.50 million people
Capital – Vilnius (543 thousand inhabitants)
Currently, Lithuania is a presidential republic in the form of government. The head of state is the president. The highest legislative body is the unicameral parliament – the Sejm. Executive power in the country is exercised by the president together with the government headed by the prime minister.

The official language is Lithuanian, which belongs to the Baltic branch of the Indo-European family of languages. The historical connection with Russia led to the widespread use of the Russian language.

Religion The
majority of Lithuanian believers are Roman Catholics. In Lithuania, the influence of Catholicism is quite obvious. This affects both the way of life and the whole appearance of the environment. In addition, followers of the Russian Orthodox Church, evangelical reformers, Lutherans, Baptists, followers of Judaism and Islam live in Lithuania.

No matter how surprising it may seem, the climate of this small flat republic is different in its parts. It is typical of temperate latitudes. Differences are found between the east and west of the country. The climate of the western regions is influenced by the air of the Atlantic, which cools in the summer, and in the winter acts on the contrary, contributes to warming. Its moisturizing effect is especially noticeable on the coast of the Baltic Sea. So, there is a wet, snowless winter near the sea and in the adjacent areas (the average temperature in January is 0? and above). In summer, on the contrary, it is relatively cool here. The average temperature in Palanga and on the Curonian Spit does not rise above +16?C.

National currency
The Lithuanian national currency is the litas (LT). In circulation there are banknotes of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 litas and coins of 1, 2. 5 litas. 1 litas = 100 cents, in circulation there are coins of 1, 2, 5. 10. 20 and 50 cents. The litas is pegged to the euro: 1 EUR – 3.45 LTL You can exchange money at any bank. Banking hours are from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. / 5 p.m. At a later time, money can be exchanged at the 24-hour exchange office at the railway station. Many shops, restaurants, cafes and hotels accept credit cards – Visa, MasterCard, Eurocard.


Summer in the Baltic resorts, including Lithuania, is not too hot, the average July temperature in the Palanga resort is +25 degrees.

Lithuania is the southernmost of the Baltic countries. Not surprisingly, summers are warmer there – after all, more than 600 km south of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. Not every well-known world resort can boast of clean and soft sand, which you will find on the beaches of Palanga – the largest seaside resort in Lithuania. The spacious beaches of Palanga stretch for 20 km along the sea.

The climate of Palanga is very favorable for all tourists – the healing pine air and the sea wind saturated with iodine vapors have a healing effect on the tired body of the city dweller. But in the city itself there is something to see.
The botanical park, which borders the beach in the west, was founded in the 19th century and has more than 200 species of various plants and trees.

And in the middle of the park is the famous Amber Museum.

In addition to the Baltic Sea and restaurants with delicious local cuisine, there are many things to do in Palanga, for example, horse riding or tennis. You can rent bicycles (it costs about 4Lt per hour).

Bicycle paths run from Birute Mountain to Sventoji. Bicycles can take you to the Seaside Regional Park. There is a city pool “Linas” with water slides and other entertainment.

You can play mini golf and bowling. In summer, vacationers can play beach volleyball at the pier and lifeguard station. Amateur tournaments are held.

Today Palanga is a rapidly growing Lithuanian resort with warm summers and no less pleasant autumn and spring. Clear sea, wide beaches, famous dunes and salubrious air attract more and more tourists here.



necessary for issuing a short-term tourist

SCHENGEN visas for travel to the Republic of Lithuania:

  1. Visa application form filled in Latin letters.
  2. 1 recent color photograph on a white background, 3.5 x

4.5 cm;

  1. Passport (must be valid 3 months after the expiration of the visa);
  2. Confirmation of the reservation from the hotel, indicating its address and phone number;
  3. Medical insurance (photocopy) valid for all Schengen states ( Lithuaniais part of the Schengen area) (minimum insurance amount 30,000 euros);
  4. Confirmation of advance payment for the trip (voucher and payment receipt);
  1. Agreement between the travel agency and the client.
  1. Certificate from the place of work indicating the period of work for a specific employer, position, salary for the last 3 months or a certificate from the place of study indicating the course of study and specialty (the certificate is valid for 30 days). If the trip is carried out on working days, in the certificate it must be indicated that the employee is granted leave or information about the purposes of a business (non-revenue) trip. Students must present an exemption from studies at the university.

For minors, in addition to the main package, you must provide:

  1. A photocopy of the exit permit. If the child is traveling with one of the parents, then you need permission to leave from the second parent, certified by a STATE notary (be sure to indicate the exact dates and purposes of the child’s stay
    abroad, the name of the accompanying person).
  1. If the child travels without parents, then a notarized permission to leave from both parents for the accompanying person is required.
  1. A photocopy of the birth certificate.


  • Students and studentsmust provide a photocopy of the work book and a certificate from the place of work of one of the parents (indicating the period of work for a particular employer, position, salary for the last 3 months), as well as a photocopy of their birth certificate.
  • Housewivesmust provide a photocopy of the work book and a certificate from the spouse’s place of work (indicating the period of work for a particular employer, position, salary for the last 3 months), as well as a photocopy of a marriage certificate.
  • The unemployedmust provide a photocopy of the work book and a certificate from the place of work of the person paying for the trip (indicating the period of work for a particular employer, position, salary for the last 3 months), as well as a written agreement confirming the agreement to pay for the trip.
  • Individual entrepreneursmust provide a photocopy of the registration certificate, a certificate of income and taxes from the tax office for the last 6-12 months, a bank statement.
  • Pensionersmust provide a certificate of receipt of a pension for the last 3 months, a photocopy of the pension certificate.
  • A copy of the work book must be certified by the doctor and the signature of the director.


Birštonas is one of the most famous Lithuanian resorts, which is located in the south of the central part of the country, in a place where the Neman meanders with beautiful bends, which has long been known for its picturesque landscape, climate toning the body and unique mineral water springs.

Birštonas is a charming miniature town of 4,000 inhabitants. This is a very small, neat, well-maintained, quiet and peaceful town, which is considered an ideal place for a quiet holiday.

In addition to the balneary , the only enterprise in the city is a mineral water bottling plant. The town is surrounded by a forest with neat asphalt paths and numerous fields.

The sanatoriums of Birštonas are surrounded by a beautiful green forest. An ancient church stands majestically in the city, where local residents gather for evening masses.
The salt springs of the Birštonas resort were known in the Middle Ages, they were described by the crusaders who attacked the castles of Lithuania. At the turn of the 19th-20th centuries , patients not only from Lithuania, but also from the largest cities of Russia and Poland, were already arriving at the spa clinics using procedures with mineral water and therapeutic mud, thus treatment in Lithuania became more and more popular and beyond outside of it.

Birštonas is usually a quiet Baltic resort town , the quiet life of which excites the annually organized jazz festival and strongman competitions. It is interesting to watch the training of the best rowers in Lithuania, and sometimes foreign athletes, as the resort is equipped with an Olympic rowing center.


Kaunas is the eternal competitor of Vilnius – if it is inferior to the capital in size, then in the quantity and quality of iconic places it is almost on a par with it.

The Old Town of Kaunas is attractive with a special atmosphere created by medieval churches and cathedrals, unique architecture of the 20-30s of the 20th century and the remains of Kaunas Castle. The man-made beauty of the historical center is complemented by picturesque natural landscapes: Kaunas stands at the confluence of the two main rivers of Lithuania, the Nemunas and the Neris.

The castle of Kaunas, once impregnable and formidable, today has retained only echoes of its former power – part of the wall and the tower. Built at the beginning of the 14th century, the castle was able to survive the famous Battle of Grunwald. True, after the victory of the Lithuanians over the crusaders, the castle lost its strategic importance. In 1655, it was almost completely destroyed by the Russian army.

The historical center of Kaunas is contrasting. Monuments of the 15th-17th centuries are side by side with the architecture of the era of the first independence. At the same time, the organic nature of the urban space is practically not violated. Of the buildings of the Middle Ages, one can single out the town hall building (16th century), the unique red brick house of Perkunas, which once belonged to the Hanseatic Merchant Artel, the Church of the Holy Trinity and the majestic Gothic church of Vytautas of the 15th century, built by the Grand Duke of Lithuania in honor of the Virgin Mary, who miraculously saved him during the Battle of Wroxla.

The “new” Kaunas was built in the 20-30s. At that time, the city was lucky to acquire the official status of the capital of Lithuania for two decades. As a result, the influx of capital, mass construction and, in the end, the emergence of the Žaliakalnis district. Today, it contains, perhaps, the richest collection of Lithuanian architectural ideas from the beginning of the century: from pseudo-baroque to modern. The area is famous for its funicular, which was opened in 1931. And in 1935, a second funicular was added to it – this time to the Aleksotas region.

Of those sights that, while in Kaunas, it is impossible (and almost impossible) to miss: the central street of the city – Laisves alley with fountains, the Ninth Fort (defensive complex of the late 19th century), as well as the most famous Kaunas tourist fetish – the Museum of Devils. The latter is famous for its collection of everything related to the petty variety of wickedness: from key chains and small paintings to panels and sculptures depicting all kinds of demons.


Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, is a large and beautiful city founded in 1323. Vilnius is located at the confluence of the Neris and Vilnia rivers, surrounded by picturesque green hills. The troubled history of the city is like the indomitability of its people. For many centuries the city was plundered and devastated as a result of many wars. Now Vilnius is one of the centers of the Baltic States. The cultural richness of Vilnius is evidenced by the diversity of its architecture: churches and towers, secluded medieval courtyards and narrow streets. All the architectural styles of Europe are concentrated in the Old Town – Renaissance, Baroque and Classical. The architecture of the city is characterized by monumentality, Baltic (Vendian) masonry, restrained decor. Among the oldest monuments are the castle ensemble, the church of St. Anna, Aushros Gate, Verkiai Palace and the Cathedral. The symbol of the city is the Gediminas Tower,

Vilnius is called the city of baroque. It perfectly combines the old with the modern.

The symbol of the city is the Gediminas Tower, on which the main observation deck is located. From here a wide panorama of the city opens with the towers of ancient churches, the basilica of the cathedral.

The most significant monument of Vilnius is the Old Town, which occupies 269 hectares and is one of the largest in Europe, declared by UNESCO a cultural monument of world importance. The city has several hundred cafes, bars, restaurants, discos, various carnivals, festivals, theatrical performances are constantly held.

Vilnius is the largest and most beautiful city in Lithuania, inhabited by 576 thousand people. It is the capital of the Republic of Lithuania. Founded in 1323 at the confluence of the Neris and Vilnia rivers, the city is surrounded by picturesque wooded hills. His history was as turbulent as the history of his state.

Climate: transitional from maritime to continental. Air temperature: in winter–5°С, in summer +17°С. The climate is pleasant for excursions and recreation at any time of the year – winters are mild, summers are sunny and moderately warm.

LITHUANIA country symbol