According to ALLPUBLICLIBRARIES, Nairobi is the capital of Kenya. The city is located in the southern part of the country at an altitude of 1800 m. It was founded in 1899, and in 1905 acquired the status of the capital of Kenya.
The most popular attraction in Nairobi is the National Park of the same name, which is located 7 km from the city. The park is a small piece of savanna where animals typical of Kenya live. Its area is 117 sq. km. The national park is interesting because, walking along it, you will always see the silhouette of the capital of the country. At the entrance to the park there is a shelter for animals. Baby animals are brought here and raised.
In the city itself, be sure to go to the Clock Tower, The Parliament building with the mausoleum of the first President of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta, walk through the Indian quarter with several Hindu temples that were built with the money of the Indian diaspora Nairobi, and visit the National Museum with an extensive anthropological exposition, which displays the most ancient human remains found in Kenya. Uhuru Park and Central Park are also suitable for walking, where among the lush vegetation there are monuments dedicated to the presidents of the country.
Not far from the capital in a place called Bomas The 3,500-seat theater puts on performances every day with traditional dances. Here are several settlements of various tribes that live on the territory of Kenya. Almost all safari tours in the country’s National Parks start from Nairobi.
The city of Kisumu is located on the shores of Lake Victoria in southwestern Kenya. It is a trading city through which goods are exported to Uganda and Tanzania. Almost all the inhabitants of Kisumu are employed in the fishing industry and in the production of cotton.
Tourists arriving in Kisumu are offered fishing on Lake Victoria, because Nile perches and many other fish are found here. Lake Victoria is the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Its area is 67850 sq. km. Kenya owns the smallest part of the lake (3785 sq. km). There are three interesting islands in the lake – Rusinga, Mfangano and Takaviri. The islands have a well-developed infrastructure – there are hotels and campsites. In addition to fishing, tourists can watch birds, especially from March to July. A large colony of flamingos lives on the shores of the lake.
Lamu Island is located 200 km north of Malindi. It is separated from the mainland by a small strait. There are no cars here, and the streets on the island are so narrow that a few people can barely get through. The capital of the island is the city of Lamu. It was founded in the 9th century and is considered one of the oldest cities in Kenya. The main population of the city is Muslims. Alcohol can be purchased here only in a few large hotels, because Islamic traditions forbid the consumption of alcoholic beverages. There are several mosques in Lamu, and the streets are lined with ancient Arab houses with carved wooden doors. Lamu Island known for its sandy beaches and surrounding coral reefs. The best places to stay are located 2 km south of its capital in the town of Shela or on the nearby small islands of Manda and Pate. The local beaches are surrounded by lush vegetation and luxurious hotels.
Mombasa is the ancient capital of Kenya and the second largest city in Kenya. It is located in the southern part of the Kenyan coast. The historic center of Mombasa is located on an island in a small bay, which is connected to the mainland by dams. Here stands the ancient Portuguese Fort of Jesus, which dominates the harbor entrance. This is one of the oldest European forts in Africa. It was built by the Portuguese in 1593. Now there is a museum that tells about the history of Mombasa. Of the architectural sights of the city, one can also highlight the summer residence of the President of Kenya, and Bishara Street is known for its shops and souvenir shops.
Mombasa – a popular seaside resort, in its vicinity are the main beaches of the country. To the north of the city, such beaches as Bumburi, Casuarina, Kenya, Nyali and Kelifi are interesting. To the south are the beaches of Likoni, Tivi and Diani. Each of them has a length of more than 10 km, and together the northern and southern beaches occupy a strip of coastline 120 km long.
Not far from Mombasa, the Seabed and Snake Park is interesting, in Bamburi – a butterfly breeding farm, in Freetown – the Mamba crocodile farm, in the village of Ngomongo – Cultural Village, which represents the culture and way of life of 11 local tribes, in Bombolulu – Cultural Village with a center handicraft, where there are many shops and souvenir shops. Ecotourism lovers can be advised Shimba Hills National Reserve. Here on an area of 192 sq. km stretches a dense forest, which is home to a large number of leopards and the only population of black antelopes in Kenya.
Mombasa is very popular with divers. There are many dive sites in the vicinity of the city, the Watamu Marine Park is especially popular.. In Watamu, coral reefs are located close to the coast, so getting to them is quite easy. When diving in local waters, you will see a huge variety of hard corals. Interesting dive sites in Watamu include Moray Reef, where the diving depth reaches 30 m, Canyon with numerous coral walls that descend to a depth of up to 30 m and arches, Drumers reef, which is suitable for beginners, and a 20-meter sunken ship Mida. You can dive to the ship only at high tide, it lies at a depth of 14 m. Giant groupers are found here.
Also interesting in Watamu are the dark underwater caves of Vuma and Turtle Reef, where you can see rare green sea turtles. Between June and September, whales swim off the coast of Watamu, migrating from South Africa.
South of Mombasa, you should head to the Mpunguti Marine Park, where you can find some of the largest stingrays on the entire coast of East Africa. Not far from the beach of Bamburi, at a depth of 35 m, lies the sunken cargo ship Denmark. The upper part of the vessel, down to a depth of 15 m, is a great place for beginners, while the lower part of the vessel will be interesting for professionals.
Nakuru is located in the Rift Valley, 230 km northwest of Nairobi. It is the third largest city in Kenya. On the main street of the city there are numerous souvenir shops. Near the city there is Lake Nakuru with the National Park of the same name. Once upon a time, half of all pink flamingos living on Earth lived here. Now the park’s population of pink flamingos is one of the largest in the world. Also, about 450 other species of birds live here – pelicans, cormorants, herons and others. Nakuru is home to the oldest rhinoceros nursery in Kenya.
Near Nakuru are the Hirex Hills. where archaeological excavations are being carried out. Here, settlements were discovered that date back to the third millennium BC, with ancient burials, where an extensive collection of household items was found.