|Typhoid & Polio
Malaysia has a generally satisfactory health service with foreign-trained medical specialists. On the west coast of the Malay Peninsula one finds largely good hygienic conditions. Western medicines, including many German preparations, are available in urban areas. There are hospitals in all major cities. In small towns and rural areas there are doctors and mobile pharmacies. The emergency number is 999. Travel health insurance and travel repatriation insurance are recommended. Check ebizdir for more information.
 A vaccination certificate against yellow fever is required for all travelers who plan to enter the country within six days of staying in an infected area designated by the WHO and who are over one year old. Excluded are travelers who have not left the transit area in the infected areas and transit passengers who do not leave the transit area in Malaysia.  A certificate of vaccination against cholera is not an entry requirement, but the risk of infection cannot be ruled out. Since the effectiveness of the vaccination is disputed, it is advisable to seek medical advice in good time before you travel. Across the country, in various regions (especially in Selangor, Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley) an increased risk of cholera, which primarily affects the local population. The risk of infection among tourists is very low. To protect yourself, you should practice careful drinking water and food hygiene. Vaccination is only recommended in rare cases.  There is a risk of malaria in Sabah (Borneo) and in the extreme hinterland. A low risk of infection is to be expected in West Malaysia and Sarawak. Cities and coastal regions are considered malaria-free. In Sabah, Borneo, the more dangerous Plasmodium falciparum malaria species occurs year-round. High levels of chloroquine and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine resistance have been reported.
Food and drink
Due to the risk of possible infections, careful drinking water and food hygiene must be ensured. Tap water in Kuala Lumpur is drinkable, but boiling is recommended. Tap and well water is not always sterile outside of Kuala Lumpur and should be boiled or sterilized for drinking, brushing teeth, and making ice, or it should be bought pre-packaged. When buying packaged water, you should make sure that the original packaging has not been opened. Milk is usually not pasteurized and should be boiled. Process dry and canned milk only with sterile water. Dairy products made from unboiled milk outside of the cities should be avoided. Meat and fish dishes should only be well cooked and served hot. Pork, salads and mayonnaise should be avoided. Vegetables should be boiled and fruits should be peeled. It is better to avoid fresh fruit juices from street stalls.
The standard vaccinations for children and adults recommended by the Robert Koch Institute (including against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), mumps, measles, rubella, pneumococci and influenza) should be refreshed before the trip if necessary. Schistosomiasis pathogens are found in some ponds and rivers across the country, especially in Selangor and Perak. Swimming and wading in inland waters should therefore be avoided. Well maintained swimming pools with chlorinated water are safe. Dengue fever, transmitted by diurnal mosquitoes, is currently common across the country. Transmission months are mainly March to September, but there is also a risk of transmission outside of the rainy season. An effective insect repellent is recommended. Chikungunya also performs. An effective insect repellent is recommended. Filariasis caused by insects occasionally occurs in rural areas. An effective insect repellent is recommended. Typhus occurs nationwide. The fever is caused by clothes lice. To protect yourself, you should practice regular body and clothing hygiene. Vaccination should only be considered in rare cases. Hepatitis A, B and C occur nationwide. A hepatitis A vaccination is generally recommended. Vaccination against hepatitis B should be given during longer stays and close contact with the local population, as well as for children and young people in general. A risk of contagion for Japanese encephalitis exists particularly in the rural areas of Penang, Perak, Selangor, Jahore and Sarawak. HIV/AIDS is a danger for everyone who takes the risk of infection: unprotected sexual contact, piercings, tattoos, unclean syringes or cannulas and blood transfusions can pose a significant health risk. Rabies occurs nationwide and is most common in Peninsular Malaysia. The main carriers are (stray) dogs, but also cats and other animals. Vaccination is recommended for all travelers. In the event of a bite, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Sarcocystosis occurs on Tioman Island and is caused by contaminated food and contact with feces. Meat should never be eaten raw.
As a preventive measure, visits to poultry markets should be avoided.
An HIV test in English is required for work stays. Depending on the university, students have to undergo a medical examination including an HIV test in the country.
1 ringgit = 100 sen. Currency code: RM, MYR (ISO code). Banknotes come in denominations of 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 RM. Coins are in denominations of 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 sen. Many commemorative coins of various denominations are also valid tender. The ringgit is also sometimes referred to as the Malayan dollar.
Visa and Mastercard, but also Diners Club and American Express are accepted in hotels, restaurants and shopping centers. Details from the issuer of the relevant credit card.
Bank cards With the credit card and pin number, money can be withdrawn from ATMs. The Girocard (formerly ec card) with the Cirrus, Plus or Maestro symbol is accepted worldwide. It can be used in Malaysia at ATMs with the Cirrus, Plus or Maestro symbol in major locations. To be on the safe side, travelers should always have an alternative source of money such as cash. Further information from banks and credit institutes. Attention: Travelers who want to pay with their bank customer card abroad and withdraw money should find out from their bank about the possibility of using their card before starting their journey.
Traveller’s checks are no longer available in Germany and Switzerland and are hardly available in Austria. Traveller’s checks are accepted by banks and bureaux de change in major cities in Malaysia.
Bank opening hours
Mon-Fri 8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. (often with a lunch break that varies in time) and Sat 8:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. (variations possible).
Foreign exchange regulations
The import and export of local currency is limited to the equivalent of US$10,000. The import and export of foreign currency must be declared from an equivalent value of US$ 10,000 (including traveller’s cheques). This requires the completion of a Travelers Declaration Form (TDF #22) which is available from Malaysian embassies and consulates, Tourism Malaysia and all entry and exit offices and airports.
Most currencies can easily be exchanged in tourist centers and larger hotels, as well as in banks and exchange offices in general. Exchange offices usually offer the cheapest rates here.
|Exchange rates (no guarantee)
|1 EUR = 4.66 RM
1 CHF = 5.55 RM
1 USD = 4.48 RM