Montana – American Frontier State

By | July 5, 2022

On the edge of the wilderness

The country of Montana is located in the Northwest of the USA and borders Canada to the north. As the fourth largest state in the United States, Montana is home to only about a million people. Montana is one of the western states of the USA. Since 1889, Montana has belonged to the United States of America. The capital of Montana is Helena.

Montana State Capitol in Helena with Thomas Francis Meagher statue (in front)


Montana State Capitol in Helena

Montana is also known as the “American Frontier”, as “the frontier of the wilderness”. Montana is counted among the “Mountain States” of the USA, since the mountains of the Rocky Mountains run from south to north through the country in the north of the USA.

Rich in mineral resources

Montana’s economically significant treasures lie beneath the surface of the earth. In addition to petroleum, various valuable and rare metals are mined in Montana. Mining and oil production are an important economic factor in Montana. Gold was even discovered in the country in the mid-19th century. Agriculture is also widespread. Montana is geographically divided in two. While the fairly flat Great Plains are in the east of the country, the west is dominated by the high mountains of the Rocky Mountains.

Swiftcurrent Lake with ferry boat (back) in Glacier National Park

Indian country

Montana has a large Native American population compared to the rest of the United States. Montana was ignored by the white settlers for a long time. It was only when gold was discovered in Montana in 1862 that the country in the north of the USA came into the public eye and experienced increased immigration as a result. Billings is now the largest city in the state. Montana is also known as the “Treasure State”.

The Legacy of History in Montana

Colonel George A. Custer fought his last stand against the Native Americans in Montana. Battles of the Nez-Perce Wars also took place in Montana. There are seven Native American “reservations” in the US state. Today the former battlefields (Battlefields), former camps of the prospectors and the Rocky Mountains are the most important tourist destinations in Montana.

Wild horses in the Montana Foothills

Hiking in beautiful nature

In addition to the unique nature, there are numerous culturally important testimonies of the last centuries to discover in Montana. Hiking is popular in Montana. Montana is very well suited for backpacking away from civilization. In southern Montana are parts of Yellowstone National Park. In the north, on the border with Canada, is Glacier National Park. On the northern Canadian side of the border, nature is also protected by a national park. Montana’s great outdoors has plenty of scenic spots for those interested. In addition to the protected areas of the national parks, there are other protected areas and trails to discover in Montana, some of which are historically significant:

Historic Trails and Places

  • Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area
  • Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
  • Big Hole National Battlefield
  • Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument
  • Pompey’s Pillar National Monument
  • Grant Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site
  • Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail

Montana attractions

  • Bozeman Trail
  • Mammoth Hot Springs
  • Fort Mackinac
  • Glacier National Park
  • Upper Missouri River Breaks
  • Pompey’s Pillar
  • Yellowstone National Park
  • Makoshika State Park
  • Lolo National Forest
  • Berkeley Pit
  • Dam Hungry Horse
  • Museum of the Rockies
  • big hole
  • Little Big Horn Battlefield
  • Big Horn Canyon

Largest Cities in Montana

  • Billings with about 100,000 inhabitants
  • Missoula
  • Great Falls
  • Bozeman

See Countryaah for more cities in the state of Montana.

Montana map

The map of Montana in the USA. The US state of Montana, the Mountain State Montana is located in the Northwest of the USA and is attributed to the Western States of the USA. The map shows the neighboring countries, the country’s largest cities, rivers, lakes, highways and the course of the most important roads and transport links. The area of ​​Montana, which is shaped by the Rocky Mountains, is 380,838 km², making it one of the largest US area states. Helena is the capital of the US state of Montana. Approximately 1.06 million people live in Montana as of 2019.

Glacier National Park in Montana – USA

Hiking in unique nature

Glacier National Park is located in the US state of Montana in the Northwest of the USA, in the middle of the Rocky Mountains. The nearest American town to the sanctuary is Kalispell. Glacier National Park is right on the Canadian border. The national park was established in 1910. The area of ​​Glacier National Park is 4,100 km². Up to two million tourists visit Montana’s mostly mountainous national park every year.

Sign indicating entrance to Glacier National Park

The Glacier National Park is very important for science today, as research on the subject of “climate warming” is very possible in the protected area.

National Parks of Canada and the USA

The Glacier National Park in Montana – USA was combined with the Canadian “Waterton Lakes National Park” in 1932 to form a large cross-border national park. The American-Canadian protected area is called “Waterton-Glacier Peace Park”. The “Peace Park” has had the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995.

Flora and fauna in Glacier National Park

Seventy species of mammals have been identified in Glacier National Park, along with about 250 species of birds. Fish also play an important role in the national park as there are several hundred lakes to explore. The grizzly is also at home in Glacier National Park.

Hidden Lake in Glacier National Park

There is a diverse nature to discover in Glacier National Park. For one, there are the rugged mountains of the Rocky Mountains. There are also really extensive forests and alpine meadows. In summer the meadows are full of flowers and herbs. Evidence of the “Native Americans” who lived in this natural paradise before the arrival of the “whites” can be discovered in Glacier National Park.

Wanderparadies in Montana

There are numerous opportunities for leisure activities in Glacier National Park. It should only be mentioned here that there are over 1,000 km of hiking trails through the wild and mostly lonely nature in the national park.

Logan Pass Range on the Highline Trail in the National Park

Camping in the national park

There are thirteen campsites with over 1,000 pitches in Glacier National Park. With the exception of “Abgar” and “Two Medicine”, the campgrounds are closed during the winter period.

Campsites in the national park

  • Apgar
  • Avalanche
  • Bowman Lake
  • Cut Bank
  • Fish Creek
  • Kintla Lake
  • Logging Creek
  • Many Glacier
  • Quartz Creek
  • Rising Sun
  • Sprague Creek
  • St. Mary
  • Two Medicine