|Typhoid & Polio
Taking out travel health insurance and travel repatriation insurance is strongly recommended. Check ebizdir for more information.
 A vaccination certificate against yellow fever is required for all travelers who want to enter within 6 days of staying in the infected areas designated by the WHO and who are over one year old. Excluded are travelers who have not left the transit area in the infected areas and transit travelers who do not leave the airport in Nicaragua.  A certificate of vaccination against cholera is not an entry requirement, but there is a risk of infection. Since the effectiveness of the vaccination is disputed, it is advisable to seek medical advice in good time before you travel.  Malaria risk all year round, especially in rural areas, especially on the Atlantic coast and in swamp areas (medium risk of malaria). Managua and the city centers are malaria free. The less dangerous form Plasmodium vivax is dominant, the more dangerous form Plasmodium falciparum is less common (20%).  Nationwide there is an increased risk of infection for various infectious diseases that are transmitted through contaminated food or drinks (e.g. hepatitis A, typhoid fever, bacterial dysentery, amoebic dysentery, lambliasis, worm diseases). Water should generally either be boiled or otherwise sterilized before it is used for drinking, brushing teeth and making ice cubes, or it should be bought packaged. When buying bottled water, you should make sure that the original packaging has not been opened. Milk is not pasteurized everywhere and should be boiled. Only mix dry and canned milk with sterile water. It is best to avoid dairy products made from unboiled milk. Caution is advised with drinking water, ice and fresh vegetables. Meat and fish dishes should only be well cooked and served hot. Pork, raw salads and mayonnaise should be avoided. Vegetables should be boiled and fruits should be peeled. Meat and fish dishes should only be well cooked and served hot. Pork, raw salads and mayonnaise should be avoided. Vegetables should be boiled and fruits should be peeled. Meat and fish dishes should only be well cooked and served hot. Pork, raw salads and mayonnaise should be avoided. Vegetables should be boiled and fruits should be peeled.
Chagas disease is caused by assassin bugs, which are primarily found in rural areas of the Pacific region. Travelers who stay in simple huts and in the open air are recommended to use mosquito nets to protect them from insects. Chikungunya diseases appear. The chikungunya virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Travelers are advised to protect themselves against mosquito bites. Dengue fever, transmitted by mosquitoes, occurs. An effective insect repellent is recommended. Hepatitis A and hepatitis B occur. A hepatitis A vaccination is generally recommended. Vaccination against hepatitis B should be given during longer stays and close contact with the local population, as well as for children and young people in general. Leishmaniasis, transmitted by whiteflies, occurs nationwide. Protection is offered by skin-covering clothes and insect repellents. Occasionally, especially after tropical cyclones, leptospirosis occurs, bacterial infections of the liver, kidneys and meninges transmitted through rodent excretions (rats, mice) via skin wounds. rabies occurs. Carriers include dogs, cats, forest animals and bats. Vaccination is recommended for backpackers, children, occupational risk groups and for longer stays. In the event of a bite, seek medical attention as soon as possible. The Zika virus is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever, joint pain and conjunctivitis. The infection often goes unnoticed or only has mild symptoms. The isolated deaths documented so far were mainly related to other pre-existing conditions. The Federal Foreign Office advises pregnant women against non-essential travel to areas with current Zika outbreaks because the virus is suspected of causing microcephaly in the unborn child. There is neither a vaccination nor a medicinal prophylaxis. Consistent compliance with personal mosquito protection measures is recommended.
An HIV test may be required for long-term stays.
1 Cordoba Oro = 100 centavos. Currency code: C$, NIO (ISO code). Notes come in denominations of C$500, C$200, C$100, C$50, C$20, and C$10; Coins are in denominations of C$5 and C$1, 50 and 25 centavos.
International credit cards such as American Express, Mastercard, and Visa are accepted in hotels, restaurants, and larger supermarkets in cities and tourist areas. Details from the issuer of the relevant credit card. You should never let your credit card out of your sight when paying.
Bank cards With the credit card and pin number, money can be withdrawn from ATMs. The Girocard (formerly ec card) with the Cirrus, Plus or Maestro symbol is accepted worldwide. It can be used at some ATMs in major cities with the Cirrus, Plus or Maestro symbol. To be on the safe side, travelers should always have an alternative source of money such as cash. Further information from banks and credit institutes. Attention: Travelers who want to pay with their bank customer card abroad and withdraw money should find out from their bank about the possibility of using their card before starting their journey.
Travelers checks are not accepted in Nicaragua.
Bank opening hours
Mon-Fri 08.30-17.00 (with lunch break), Sat also 09.00-12.00. Plan waiting time.
Foreign exchange regulations
No restrictions on the import and export of local currency. Unlimited import and export of foreign currencies. Obligation to declare from a sum equivalent to US$ 10,000.
Euros can only be exchanged at a bank (BAC). The exchange fees are relatively high. Money can be exchanged at the airport, in banks, exchange offices (casas de cambio) and hotels in the cities. US dollars are the easiest and cheapest to exchange.
|Exchange rates (no guarantee)
|1 EUR = C$30.58
1 CHF = C$36.29
1 USD = C$29.28