North Carolina History

North Carolina is a US state. The state capital is Raleigh, while Charlotte is the largest city, which is experiencing continued rapid growth, partly due to the banking and finance sector. The city is now the second largest banking city in the United States after New York, and is home to Bank of America and Wachovia. According to ebizdir, North Carolina borders South Carolina to the south, Georgia to the southwest, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The state is classified as a southern state.

The western part of the state is part of the Appalachian Mountains, of which the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, Great Balsam Mountains, and Black Mountains are a part. The Black Mountains are the highest mountain areas in the eastern United States and culminate in elevation at 2,037 masl

North and South Carolina are collectively referred to as The Carolinas, and were until 1729 one cohesive colony, Carolina. Carolina is named after Charles (Charles) I of England.

TIMELINE:

1524 – Giovanni da Verrazano explores the coastal area of France.

1540 – Spaniard Hernando de Soto explores the southwest in search of gold.

1584-85 – Elizabeth I granted Sir Walter Raleigh, for whom the state capital is named, land rights in northern North Carolina. Raleigh founded two colonies on Roanoke Island in the late 1580s, both of which did not survive. Adversity forced the colonists to leave the island in 1586; Sir Frances Drake deposed African-Caribbean slaves on the island. The next and final colony was established in 1587 by John White, and Virginia Dare became the first English-born child in America. White had to sail back to England after several supplies, and when he returned in 1590 all the colonists were gone, but he found the word “Croatoan” carved into a tree on the site.

1663 – Charles II. allowed the founding of a new colony on the North American continent, and he named the colony Carolina in honor of his father Charles 1.

1669 – Carolina Fundamental Constitution legalizes slavery.

1705 – First city of NC, Bath was built by John Lawson, and is today the state’s oldest city. The next city he established was New Bern in 1710, and was inhabited by Swiss and German immigrants.

1710 – The Carolina colony is divided into North Carolina and South Carolina, and North Carolina becomes a royal colony seventeen years later.

1711-15 – The Tuscarora War between the British, Dutch, and Germans, and their allied Yamasee and Cherokee Indians against the native Tuscarora Indians, lasted until February 11, 1715. The Tuscaroras Indians were forced to move to New York, where they fought together with the Iroquois Indians after the battle.

1718 – Captain Edward Teach, better known as the infamous Blackbeard, was a British pirate who most often stayed in the Caribbean on his ship Adventure. He was killed in a fight off the coast of NC, on November 21 by Captain Lieutenant Robert Maynard, who was captain of HMS Pearl.

1765-71 – The Regulator Uprising, which after 6 years of struggle did not change the structure of power, although historians consider it a catalyst for the American Civil War.

1789 – North Carolina is one of the 13 original colonies and is admitted as the 12th state of the United States on November 21st.

1799 – Reed Gold Mine, is the site of Midland, Cabarrus County, where the first documented gold find was found.

1828 – Andrew Jackson becomes the 7th President of America. His legacy is mixed: he was the protector of individual freedom. But advocated the extermination of the Indians and was in favor of slavery. He was known as a tough politician with a past from enlargement to the west. His portrait can be found on the American twenty-dollar bill.

1830s – Trail of Tears ( Trail of Tears ) is a term for the removal of the Cherokees from their homelands in the eastern United States to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River in present Oklahoma. Many Indians fled and hid in mountain areas.
1831 – In August, Nate Turner led the slave uprising in Virginia, resulting in the execution of dozens of North Carolina slaves.

1845 – James Polk was America’s 11th president. His position was that the United States was entitled to as much of the North American continent as possible at all. During his presidency, the United States grew by over one and a half million square miles, from Texas and New Mexico to California, as well as Oregon and Washington. He victoriously led the United States in the war against Mexico and expanded, among other things. thus the nation more than any other president.He died a few months after his resignation as president on June 15, 1849 in Nashville, TN.

1861-65 – A small number of battles took place in North Carolina during the American Civil War, but the state contributed at least 125,000 troops to the Confederates – far more than any other state. Approx. 40,000 of these troops never returned. The Battle of Bentonville was fought between March 19 and March 21, 1865, in Bentonville, near the present-day town of Four Oaks, as part of the Carolina campaign. On April 18, three days after the death of President Abraham Lincoln, Johnston signed a truce with Sherman at Bennett Place, a farm near Durham.Sherman got into political turmoil by offering surrender conditions that included both political and military issues without having received permission from General Grant or the government. The confusion continued until April 26, when Johnston agreed to purely military terms and formally surrendered his army and all Confederate forces in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. It was the second significant surrender in the month after Robert E. Lee surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia.on April 9th. For all practical purposes, this was the end of the Confederacy, although smaller forces persevered, especially west of the Mississippi River, until into the summer.

1866 – Tuscarora Indian Henry Berry Lowrie leads an uprising against the post-war democratic power structure, securing its political dominance and white power. Lowrie’s gang robbed and killed members of the establishment, prompting him to gain sympathy from the non-white community in Robeson County. The authorities could not stop the gang, because of this support. In February 1872, Lowrie robbed the sheriff’s safe of more than $ 28,000 and disappeared without a trace. It is alleged that he shot himself accidentally while cleaning his double-barreled rifle, but like so many other legends, he was spotted at a funeral several years later. Without his leadership, his gang, with the exception of two, were captured or killed.

1898 – On November 10, the Wilmington Massacre kicks off the Jim Crow era in North Carolina. The legislation formally equated black and white Americans, but mandated a separation of the publicly accessible areas in which black and white Americans could move, such as schools, hospitals, buses, and restaurants. In fact, the laws meant that the black population suffered a number of disadvantages compared to the white population.

1903 – The Wright brothers from Dayton, Ohio make history’s first successful flight in Kitty Hawk, on December 14, even though it lasted only 4 seconds. They officially repeated the feat on December 17, and this time with a duration of 59 seconds. They flew almost half a mile.

1918 – The US military base Fort Bragg is established in Cumberland and Hoke. The fort is named after Southern General Braxton Bragg. It covers more than 250 km² and is one of the largest US military bases. It is best known for being home to some of the US paratroopers and US special forces.

1954 – Hurricane Hazel kills 19, wounds several hundred, and over 15,000 homes destroyed from 15-18. October. Read more about the effects of the hurricane’s devastation here.

1955 – In September, Hurricane Ione causes more than $ 600 million in crop damage, killing 7 people.

1979 – Members of the Ku Klux Klan and American Nazy Party, on November 3, shoot at members of a communist group trying to rally a team of local African-American workers in Greensboro. They kill 5 people.

1986 – On January 28, the American astronaut Michael J. Smith (from Beaufort ) died in the Challenger accident.

1989 – In September, Hurricane Hugo hits, causing more than $ 1 billion in damage and 107 casualties.

1996 – Hurricane Fran hits the state in early September, leaving 1.3 million without power, 4 dead and more than $ 500 million in damage.

1999 – In September, Hurricane Floyd strikes, killing 35 people and causing millions of dollars in damage.

2003 – On May 31, police arrested Eric Rudolph in the town of Murphy. He was suspected of being behind the terrorist attack in Atlanta, GA, at the Centennial Olympic Park on July 27 during the 1996 Summer Games.

2006 – In early October 6, in the town of Apex, 17,000 residents were forced to flee their homes on the outskirts of Raleigh when the chemical plant leaked a column of toxic fumes and a yellow cloud of harmful gases.

2011 – Tropical Hurricane Irene causes a landslide on August 27 in the Outer Banks.

North Carolina History