Natural attractions of Cuba
Most of Cuba is occupied by low, slightly hilly plains; mountain ranges and uplands, lower in the west and higher in the east, stretch along the coasts. In the extreme west, on the Guanaacabibes peninsula, a heavily eroded limestone surface with a peculiar karst relief stretches along the coast. To the west of Havana, the narrow ridge of the Sierra de los Organos stretches from 150 to 750 m high. Isolated limestone hills, resembling haystacks in shape, rise above picturesque valleys. See Countryvv for labor market in Cuba.
The Viñales Valley is of particular beauty, surrounded by steep dome-shaped hills 300–400 m high, with numerous caves. In the central part of the island are the high mountains of the Sierra de Trinidad, with the peak of San Juan reaching 1156 m. The largest mountain system of Cuba is located in the east; the Guantanamo Valley divides it into the northern part (the Sierra del Cristal, Sierra de Nipe, Cuchillas de Toa and Sierra de Purial massifs with altitudes up to 1230 m) and the southern part, formed by the Sierra Maestra ridge, where the most The highest point in Cuba is Turquino Peak (1974 m).
In addition to mountain ranges and terraced hills, Cuba’s landscapes abound in picturesque karst forms and valleys.
In one of these valleys – Yumuri in the north of the island – a reserve has been created. The highlights of the valley are tropical landscapes and caves, including the Bellamar system, famous for its crystalline formations.
Cultural attractions in Cuba
Havana is an administrative, political, cultural, scientific, and also the main tourist center of the country, a cosmopolitan province. The city is the smallest and at the same time the most populated province of Cuba. The beginning of tourism in this part of Cuban territory dates back to the middle of the 19th century, when regular sea traffic was established between the United States and Cuba and the construction of hotels around the Bay of Havana began, and now more than half of all foreign tourists visiting the country visit Havana annually. Its main charm is the city itself with its variety of architecture, wide avenues and famous boulevards, and in particular its historic center, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Matanzas – the main city of the province – is called Cuban Athens, as it is the land of poets, or Cuban Venice – due to the fact that the city is crossed by two rivers – Yumuri and San Juan, through which five bridges are thrown for the convenience of pedestrians and transport, and guests will be interested to get acquainted with the rich cultural heritage of this calm city, which has grown up on the shores of a huge bay. In the southern part of the province is the Zapata Peninsula – a real paradise for lovers of eco-tourism, but in addition, they will undoubtedly admire the fabulously beautiful Yumuri Valley and the banks of the Canimar River, which can be admired from the Bakunayagua Bridge – the pearl of Cuban engineering art, this bridge, which has a height of 110 m, is the highest in the country.
Santiago de Cuba is a province that has two features that make it unique: its hospitable, cheerful and carefree people and its rich cultural and historical heritage. The main city of the province, founded in 1514, is distinguished by its great originality, and its most important feature is a magnificent bay surrounded by high mountains, over which the fortress of San Pedro de la Roca del Morro reigns, in 1997 proclaimed by UNESCO as a Patrimony of Humanity. The system of agro-industrial buildings and the remains of more than a hundred coffee plantations in the area of Mount Gran Piedra, which were created by the French who fled Haiti, recently received a similar status. Cespedes Square is the busiest place in the city.
Trinidad de Cuba is a city-museum of colonial architecture, declared by UNESCO as a heritage of mankind and a cultural monument of world importance. The city was founded in 1514 by Diego Velazquez. The main city of the province Sancti Spiritus and Santisima Trinidad de Cuba are two of the first seven cities founded by the Spanish conquistadors on the island. Times have changed, but Trinidad itself is still the same as it was 2 centuries ago with its baroque churches, red-tiled roofs, paving stones and wrought iron railings. It is especially recommended to pay attention to the Romantic Museum, the Museum of Architecture, the Archaeological Museum, the Museum of Combating Bandits, the Alexander Humboldt Museum of Natural Sciences and the Guamuaya Archaeological Museum.