South America covers an area of 17 814 000 km 2 , which corresponds to 12.5% of the Earth’s continental surface. It extends for 7600 km, from the extreme north of Colombia to Tierra del Fuego (Chile). It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north; the Atlantic Ocean, to the northeast; to the east and southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The separation between South America and Central America corresponds to the border between Panama and Colombia, in the Isthmus of Panama. The population is 346 504 000 residents (2000). On the west coast is located, from north to south and parallel to the coast, the Andes mountain range, in a volcanically active area where earthquakes and volcanoes are frequent; to the north are the great plain of the Amazon, the plateau of the Guianas and Mato Grosso.
South America, due to its extension in latitude and the influence exerted by the Andes, has hot, temperate and cold climates. Warm climates, in their equatorial and tropical variants, cover most of the continent. In the Amazon basin, the climate is equatorial, with high temperatures and rainfall throughout the year. The tropical climate corresponds to the coast of the Caribbean Sea and part of the Highlands of Brazil. In the domain of temperate climates, the humid subtropical climate includes the coast of southeastern Brazil, whereas on the Pacific façade and at a similar latitude, the climate is temperate Mediterranean. The desert climate has the best example of extreme aridity in the Atacama Desert, in Chile, considered the driest place in the world. In the southern section of the continent, the climate becomes progressively more harsh, with particularly harsh winters. In turn, low temperatures and dryness characterize the high mountain regions of the Andes.
- Countryaah: provides a complete list of countries and territories in the continent of South America, including official names of each country, independent dates, as well as map of South America.
- Abbreviationfinder: Comprehensive list of all abbreviations associated with South America. Sorted by popularity. Also offers the 2-letter and 3-letter acronyms for what is the abbreviation for South America.
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