South Carolina History

South Carolina is a US state. The state capital and largest city is Columbia.

According to ebizdir, North Carolina and South Carolina are collectively referred to as The Carolinas, and were until 1729 one cohesive colony, Carolina. Carolina is named after Charles (Charles) I of England.

TIMELINE:

1521 – The first documented Spanish expedition reaches the coast of Carolina. Three years later, the first French ships arrived and explored the coastal area.

1526 – San Miguel de Gualdape becomes the first Spanish settlement, founded by Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón. It lasted only three months in the winter period before being abandoned in early 1527 after a fever epidemic and the African slaves who rebelled and fled and joined the Cofitachiqui Indians in the area.

1562 – Frenchman Jean Ribault leads an expedition to the New World, founding the Charlesfort outpost on Parrish Island.

1566 – Spanish conquistador Pedro Menéndez de Avilés slaughters the French colonists and their American allies in 1565, founding the city of Santa Elena.

1670 – First permanent British settlement and capital, Charles Towne, named after King Charles II. ( Charleston ), was established during the War of Queen Anne. Carolina was one of the first colonies to allow religious freedom to attract the settlers of Baptists, Quakers, Huguenots, and Presbyterians. Jewish migration was especially encouraged, since Jews were considered responsible citizens. The Jewish immigrants fled from the Spanish Inquisition, which was carried out in the Spanish colonies of the New World.

1681 – Boone Hall Plantation is founded by Major John Boone, making it one of the oldest active plantations in the Southern States. In 1743, Captain Thomas Boone, son of John Boone, laid out an avenue of evergreen oaks. However, Thomas Boone died in a riding accident shortly after the avenue was planted, so he did not even get to see it grow up. The plantation has been used as a backdrop in several films, including Scarlett and The Notebook and in TV series such as Alex Hailey ‘s Roots and North and South.

1700 – A hurricane hits Charleston, killing 98 people. See a list of Atlantic hurricanes here.

1712 – The Carolina territories are divided into North and South, each with its own governor. The reason for the split was mostly due to cultural difference and then a conflict between the owners of the state. Despite the rumors of the split being due to South Carolina wanting slavery and being a Confederate state, and North Carolina wanting to be with the Union, this is NOT true.

1713 – Another violent hurricane hits the state, with a severe flood that kills 70 people.

1715-1717 – The Yamase War was an armed conflict between British settlers in South Carolina and various tribes of Native Americans. It was one of the bloodiest Native American wars that for over a year seriously threatened South Carolina’s existence.

1718 – In December, pirate captain Stede Bonnet and 30 of his men are hanged for piracy on a sandbank in Charleston, where he participated in the siege of the city earlier this year with Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard. Bonnet’s career as a pirate was short, and not very glorious, but he nevertheless managed to inscribe himself in the history of piracy. He was, for example, one of the few pirates about whom it is known with certainty that he actually let prisoners ” walk the plank out “.

1719 – South Carolina becomes a royal colony, and the state declares its independence from Britain.

1730-39 – During this period, about 20,000 African slaves were brought to the state. A slave revolt that broke out on September 9, 1939, was the largest revolt in the British colonies, in which 21 whites and 44 blacks were killed.

1742 – Battle of Bloody March, is an armed conflict between British and Spanish forces on the island of St. Simons Island in Georgia, where Spanish forces were prevented from capturing Charlestown.

1752 – A hurricane hits the state, killing 103 people.

1758-61 – The first Cherokee War, was an armed conflict between British forces and the Cherokee Indians during the French and Native American wars. Read more here.

1776 – First Battle of the War of Independence; 15 British warships and 1500 troops attacked Fort Moultrie, but were forced to return; The Declaration of Independence arrived in Charlestown.

1781 – Colonel Isaac Hayne was one of the most prominent Americans hanged by the British on August 4 in Charlestown during the War of Independence. The following year, the British were defeated by American forces and left the city.

1783 – Charlestown changes its name to Charleston. See a timeline of the city here.

1786 – The capital moves from Charleston to Columbia.

1788 – South Carolina is one of the 13 original colonies and is admitted as the 8th state of the United States on May 23.

1792 – A new tax code was adopted – all free African Americans between 16-50 years should annually pay head tax to $ 2.

1822 – After winning $ 1500 in the lottery, Denmark Vesey bought himself free from slavery in 1799, began work as a carpenter and tried to buy his wife free without success. Inspired by the struggle for independence in Haiti in 1791, he began planning an uprising that was to take place on July 14, 1822, on Bastille Day. Vesey and his accomplices planned to flee to Haiti to avoid persecution. Two slaves leaked the plot, which resulted in Charleston charging a total of 131 men for conspiracy. A total of 67 men were convicted and 35 hanged, including Denmark Vesey. Many anti-slavery activists saw him as a hero and civil rights activist Frederick Douglass used his name as a battle cry.

1827-28 – Author Edgar Allan Poe, who was in great financial trouble at this time, enlisted on May 26, 1827, under the name Edgar A. Perry at Fort Moultre, to get a roof over his head. He reportedly wrote the short story Guldbillen på fortet, although the book was not published until 1843.

1830 – The first steam locomotive in the United States travels with passengers between Charleston and Hamburg.

1860 – On December 20, South Carolina was the first state to break out of the Union. On April 12, Confederate troops began bombing Fort Sumter, thus starting the American Civil War. In 1864, Northern State troops moved into the vicinity of the city, and a bombardment of the fort was launched, which was now in the possession of the Southern States. The siege of the fort lasted until February 17, 1865, when the fort and the city surrendered. At that time, more than 46,000 grenades had been fired at the fort.

1863 – It was from Charleston that the submarine CSS Hunley sailed out, and as the first submarine ever sank an enemy ship. Hunley even went down after the lowering.

1865 – General William Tecumseh Sherman marches through the state in 1865, destroying numerous plantations and capturing the state capital, Columbia, on 17 February. Fires broke out that night, and the next morning most of the inner city was destroyed. After the war, South Carolina was reintegrated into the United States.

1868 – Benjamin Franklin Randolph is an American teacher, pastor and senator. He was assassinated by three members of the KKK on October 16 in Hodges when he had to change trains at the station to Anderson.

1869 – Joseph Hayne Rainey becomes the first African-American to serve in the House of Representatives, and the second black person to attend Congress.

1876 – The Hamburg Massacre is about the disused city on the Savannah River, inhabited by free men since the end of the Civil War. On July 4, two white farmers bumped into the local National Guard (which consisted of African Americans) who had exercise in the city, and it ended up in the city court, which ruled that the National Guard should be dissolved, which they refused, and blocked themselves inside their weapons depot. A total of eight people were killed during the shooting. The episode started a campaign that introduced rules only for whites, the consequence of which was almost a century of denial of civil rights, known as the ” Jim Crow Laws “.

1886 – A magnitude 7.5 earthquake shakes Charleston. 83 were killed, resulting in $ 6 million in damage.

1891 – Marines were first deployed to Parrish Island in the form of a small security unit led by Sergeant Richard Donovan. His unit was attached to the Port Royal naval base, which was the forerunner of Parrish Island. See more here.

1925 – A new dance fashion comes to Charleston’s pubs, dance halls are created and dance is spread around the nation. It was named after the city of Charleston. Watch the dance here.

1934 – American composer George Gershwin writes the famous opera Porgy and Bess in Charleston. He also composed many songs that have become a regular part of the jazz repertoire and recorded by Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday and many others.

1954 – Hurricane Hazel is the worst hurricane this season, killing more than 1,000 people in Haiti before hitting the U.S. coast near the North- South Carolina border (in Garden City ). After the Category 4 hurricane cost 95 lives in the United States, it hit Canada like a strong tropical storm, increasing the death toll by 81 people, most from Toronto. Read more here.

1963 – Rivers High School in Charleston becomes the first race-integrated school in the state. Read Millicent Brown’s story here.

1964 – Civil rights were implemented; segregation ended.

1968 – The Orangeburg Massacre is about shootings at protesters near South Carolina State University on the evening of February 8. About 150 demonstrated against segregation at a local bowling alley. Three African American men were killed and 28 others were injured.

1970 – In February, Angry Whites overturned a school bus carrying young black children on their way to their integrated school in Lamar ; the state restored peace and order.

1986 – American astronaut and physicist Ronald McNair dies in the Challenger accident on January 28.

1989 – On September 21, Hurricane Hugo hits Charleston after killing 34 people in the Caribbean. The hurricane claimed 27 lives in South Carolina, leaving about 100,000 homeless and $ 10 billion in damage. Since then, however, it has been surpassed, and is today the 11th most expensive disaster in the United States.

1990 – Hurricane Klaus first strikes the state in October, destroying 80 bridges and damaging 40 more damaged and secondary roads.

1995 – The wreck of the submarine CSS Hunley was found by the author Clive Cussler and the National Underwater and Marine Agency ( NUMA ) or by the underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence in 1970. Cussler has described the search and found it in the book ‘The Sea Hunters’.

2000 – South Carolina removes the last Confederate flag over the government building.

2003 – Politician James Strom Thurmond represented the state as a Democrat in the U.S. Senate from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964. He remained a Republican in 1964 until his death in 2003. When he resigned as a senator on January 3, 2003, he was 100 years old, and also the senator who had sat the longest. He slept in his hometown of Edgeville on June 26, due to heart failure.

2004 – Hurricane Gaston ravages the state on August 29, crossing North Carolina and Virginia before dissolving. The storm killed nine people – eight of them directly – causing more than $ 130 million in damage.

2007 – A fire at the Sofa Super Store in Charleston kills 9 firefighters on June 18 when the ceiling collapsed over them. Read more here.

South Carolina History