Syria Culture

By | June 12, 2021

Damascus – UNESCO World Heritage Site

Damascus is considered to be one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. The origins go back to the 5th millennium BC. The city is a high oasis that was fed by the Barada and Awaj rivers. The city’s green belt, the Ghouta, supplied the city with agricultural products and fruit.

The cultural development after the ’67 war

Influenced by the defeat in the Six Day War and the 1968 revolts in Europe, a major change took place on the cultural, intellectual and political level within Syria.

The most important critical literary figures were: Mamduh Adwan, Ali Kanaan, Nazih Abu Afash, Hani ar-Rahib (Alf layla wa laylatan) and the poet Nizar Qabbani (Hawamish ala deftar an-naksa). “In the theater new directions of the bitter nihilistic game appeared… Saadallah Wanus published his declarations of a new theater.” The first piece in this direction was the “evening meeting on June 5th”. In the film scene too, old forms were broken up, innovative styles emerged and people were open to experiments. The main directors: Omar Amiralay, Samir Zikra (hadithat an-nusf meter), Haitham Haqqi, Muhammad Malas and Osama Muhammad. The same thing happened in the fine arts: art associations were founded, exhibitions organized. On his return from France, Saadallah Wanus published his “Explanations of a New Theater”. His play in a new form was “Evening Meeting on June 5th”, which contained a criticism of the Arab regimes. It was the start of the modernization of the theater. ”Many were active in the Palestinian resistance, Saadallah Wanus addressed this in the play“ The Rape ”. The discussion was initiated by the pamphlet of the philosopher Sadeq al-Azm: Self-criticism after defeat (naqd adh-Dhati baad al-Hazima). Saadallah Wanus addressed this in the play “The Rape”. The discussion was initiated by the pamphlet of the philosopher Sadeq al-Azm: Self-criticism after defeat (naqd adh-Dhati baad al-Hazima). Saadallah Wanus addressed this in the play “The Rape”. The discussion was initiated by the pamphlet of the philosopher Sadeq al-Azm: Self-criticism after defeat (naqd adh-Dhati baad al-Hazima).

“The tremendous energy that unleashed the youth at that time was a clear message for the system, which even banned the coalition parties from any political activity in student circles by law… The system created an oppressive and at the same time flattering climate, the pre-formed political solutions offered. ”

Syria contemporary art scene. Movements in the visual arts. Censorship takes place in the media, film and television. The Syrian writer Rosa Yasin Hassan on the censorship.

It developed during the uprising (2011/2012). The artists have to work underground because they are being persecuted by the regime. The singer and poet Ibrahim Qashush was brutally murdered and the cartoonist Ali Farzat’s hand was smashed.

Syria Culture

An art and escape scene has also developed in the diaspora.


More and more bookstores are closing in Damascus.

Literature in the Syrian-Lebanese border traffic

Blog Creative Syria

Le pont organization – Syrian photographer Issa Touma’s gallery in Aleppo


One of the internationally best known Syrian musicians is the clarinetist Kinan Azmeh, who founded the group Hiwar together with a few colleagues.

More information about Syrian and Arab musicians and bands on Suraj Music

In 2009 (Damascus – World Heritage Site) Hawasly produced “Nur ala Nur” (two CDs), a live recording of the concert in the Azm Palace. Sufi music at its best.

More Syrian artists, calligraphers, painters, photographers on the website Ceative Syria

Art: literature, music, performing and visual arts


The website of the State Film Institute

Overview of the Syrian food culture

Syria’s MEDIA

Al-Baath, newspaper of the ruling Ba’ath Party. According to the company, the circulation is 70,000. 1000 employees, 60 in the editorial office. ( )

Al-Thawra was founded in 1964 and claims to have a circulation of 80,000 copies. The newspaper is considered the most popular of the three national newspapers. The editorial team consists of 140 editors.

The Tishreen newspaper has been published since 1975 and, according to its own information, has a circulation of around 70,000 copies per day. The newspaper employs 800 people.

Al-Watan was founded in 2007 with the slogan: Syria’s First Independent Newspaper. It is “independently” owned by the richest Syrian businessman, Rami Makhluf, who was attacked as a member of the regime early on during the uprising (2011/12). Circulation: 30,000. The editorial team has around 50 mostly young journalists, many of them university graduates, who have been trained in-house in organized training seminars. (

The daily newspaper Baladna has been published in tabloid format since 2006; Edition unknown. Baladna is aimed primarily at young target groups. (

Syria Times

According to ezinereligion, the newspaper, founded in 1980, is housed in the editorial offices of Tishreen and serves as the Syrian government’s international mouthpiece. The Syria Times broadcasts news from the state news agency SANA. S he has a circulation of up to 3,000 copies per day. (


Syria Report was founded in 2001 in Paris. The editor-in-chief lives in Damskus. Subscription: $ 375 a year.

Since 2011 there has been a new media law under pressure from the demonstrations, but the Lebanese newspaper al-Akhbar commented on it as follows: Syrian Media Reform: The Art of Double Speak.

Syria claims to be at the center of Arab culture. Nevertheless, the country has even fallen behind countries like Saudi Arabia in its book production, for example, and Syrian cinema, which is largely state-controlled, like most of the Syrian media, is of little importance. Only the university in Damascus has an international reputation, not least for Arabic students.