Algeria Modern History

Algeria is a country located in Northern Africa. With the capital city of Algiers, Algeria has a population of 43,851,055 based on a recent census from COUNTRYAAH. Algeria has since the independence of France in 1962 been dominated by the military and the former guerrilla movement, now the Party, the National Liberation Front (FLN). After widespread protests, the country officially became a democracy in 1989, but the old apparatus of…

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Algeria – Chronology of the Civil War

Algeria Civil War

December 1991. Front Islamique du Salut (FiS) wins the first round of the general elections January 1992. Coup d’etat. President Chadli Benjedid is forced to resign; the Haut Conseil de Sécurité (HCS), a body made up almost exclusively of military personnel, cancels the second round of elections and creates the Haut Conseil de État (HCE), directed by Mohamed Boudiaf. February 1992. The HCE proclaims a state of emergency February 1993.…

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Algeria – Mali: Conflict and Terror Part III

Algeria in red, Mali in green

6: The French intervention According to THEMEPARKTOUR.COM, ECOWA’s intervention in Mali was scheduled to take place in early September 2013 – for several reasons. They wanted to secure international financial support. They wanted a political process with Ansar to split them from AQIM and MOJWA , and they also needed a government partner in Bamako with a popular mandate and a reorganized Malian army as a military partner. None of…

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Algeria – Mali: Conflict and Terror Part II

The Great Mosque in Djenne, Mali

For a period, a security vacuum arose with looting, murder, rape of residents on mass flight. Three different Islamist groups therefore moved into this space of power and created a certain form of order, but also a strictly Islamic rule without roots in local religious traditions. This was the situation until the rebels again moved south (January 2013), and panicked leaders in the capital begged France for help. France intervened,…

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Algeria – Mali: Conflict and Terror Part I

The Tuaregs are often referred to as the blue people

The terrorist attack on the gas plant in In Aménas in Algeria ended in tragedy. The plant was operated by the Norwegian company Statoil and British BP together with the state-owned Algerian company Sonatrach. 800−900 people worked at the plant, and they came from a number of countries. Among the hostages killed, we find people from 8 countries – including Norwegians. Where is the line between pure crime and politically…

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