Tag Archives: Syria

According to topschoolsintheusa.com, Syria is a Middle Eastern country located in the Levant region of Western Asia. It has an area of 185,180 square kilometers and a population of approximately 17.5 million people. Syria is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, Lebanon and Israel to the southwest and by the Mediterranean Sea to the west. Its terrain is mostly flat with mountains along its western border and desert in its central region. The highest point in Syria is Mount Hermon at 2,814 meters above sea level. The climate in Syria is mostly arid with hot summers and mild winters. Syria’s education system consists of three levels: primary education (ages 6-11), lower secondary education (ages 12-15) and upper secondary education (ages 16-18). Primary and lower secondary education are compulsory for all students, while upper secondary education is optional. All levels are provided free of charge by public schools; however private schools are also available at all levels but require tuition fees. Higher education in Syria is offered at universities such as Damascus University; Aleppo University; Tishreen University; Al-Baath University; Latakia University; Hamah University; Deir ez-Zor University; Jableh Technical Institute among others. These universities offer undergraduate degrees in various fields such as business administration, engineering, law, medicine and science as well as postgraduate courses covering disciplines such as humanities, social sciences natural sciences engineering sciences and applied sciences. See topmbadirectory for Syria Politics and Known People.

Syria Modern History

Syria is a country located in Western Asia. With the capital city of Damascus, Syria has a population of 17,500,669 based on a recent census from COUNTRYAAH. The time after World War II became unstable and the unrest in the region had major repercussions on Syrian domestic policy. When the state of Israel was proclaimed… Read More »

What to See in Damascus (Syria)

According to ITYPEMBA, Damascus is located in the southwestern part of Syria at the foot of Mount Qasyun (1155 m) on the Barada River. This is one of the most ancient capitals in the world. For the first time in the annals it is mentioned in the 15th century BC, in addition, Damascus and its… Read More »

Syria Healthcare and Money

Health care Vaccinations Vaccination needed receipt required Eat Drink 3 – malaria 2 – Typhoid & Polio Yes – cholera no yellow fever 1 Overview Medical care in rural areas cannot be compared to Europe and is often problematic in terms of technology, equipment and/or hygiene. In many cases there is also a lack of… Read More »

Foreign Fighters from Russia and Central Asia Part II

5: Radicalization of Chechen separatists Most Russian foreign fighters in Syria come from Chechnya and Dagestan in the North Caucasus. Rebels in Chechnya have been aiming for independence from Russia since 1991, much to the concern of the central government in Moscow. The first Chechen war (1994–1996) ended with the Russian authorities withdrawing troops and… Read More »

Foreign Fighters from Russia and Central Asia Part I

In January 2017, Turkish authorities arrested a man from Uzbekistan. He was a member of the terrorist group Islamic State (IS) and is now suspected of having carried out the terrorist attack that killed 39 people at a nightclub in Istanbul on New Year’s Eve . The suicide bombers who blew themselves up at Istanbul’s… Read More »

Syria History: the 20th Century

Defeating Turkey in the First World War, the emir Fayṣal, son of the king of Higiaz, trusting in the English promises, entered Damascus (October 1918), and proclaimed himself (1920) king of Syria. In the same year France, already in agreement with England, expelled Fayṣal and was entrusted by the League of Nations Syria and Lebanon… Read More »

Syria Culture and Geography

Syria, officially Arabic Al-Djumhurijja al-Arabijja as-Surijja [-d ʒ ʊ m-], German Arab Republic of Syria, state in Western Asia with (2018) 16.9 million residents; The capital is Damascus. Culture People lived in the Syrian cultural area as early as the Stone Age. In ancient times the country was under the influence of high cultures from… Read More »

Syria Country Guide

The country of Syria, officially the Arab Republic of Syria, is a country in Western Asia that covers an area of ​​approximately 185,000 km² with approximately 21 million inhabitants. Geography and population According to best-medical-schools, the country borders Turkey throughout the north. In the east it shares its border with Iraq. To the west is… Read More »

Syria Everyday Life

Currency: SYP Syrian pound Exchange rate: 1 EUR is approx. 588.94 SYP (January 2019) Time zone: UTC + 3 Country code (phone): 00963 Climate (for capital): Mediterranean Housing and supply The cost of living is quite low for Europeans due to the exchange rate, but can fluctuate considerably due to the current crisis situation. Due… Read More »

Travel to Syria

Entry and residence regulations A visa must be applied for at the Syrian Embassy in Berlin or the Syrian Honorary Consulate in Hamburg before entering the country. The applicant’s passport must not have an Israeli entry stamp or an entry stamp from border crossings to and into Israel (Allenby- / King Hussein Bridge between Israel… Read More »

Syria Education and Health

Education No major reforms have taken place in the Ottoman Empire. At the turn of the century there were private schools, mostly French and some initiated by Arabs. There were Christian mission schools in the cities, the leaders of which were often Arabs. The Koran schools were widespread in smaller places and also in the… Read More »

Syria Culture

Damascus – UNESCO World Heritage Site Damascus is considered to be one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. The origins go back to the 5th millennium BC. The city is a high oasis that was fed by the Barada and Awaj rivers. The city’s green belt, the Ghouta, supplied the city with agricultural… Read More »

Syria Social Structure

Women and society Traditional women’s meeting Due to the gender segregation, women use their own traditions. The following quasi-institutionalized women’s meetings are taking place in the cities – although a decline has been recorded due to the increasing employment of women. Subhia: Informal Morning Visit (Coffee Gossip) This is a social tradition that is practiced… Read More »

Syria Religions and Ethnicities

Current situation Due to the military clashes between sections of the Syrian opposition and the regime, the situation of the population has deteriorated dramatically in recent years. Over 4.8 million refugees are now registered abroad; in fact, far more people have left the country. The number of internally displaced people is estimated at over seven… Read More »

Syria Products and Production Methods

Products and production methods In ancient times, olive oil, wine, cedar wood, purple-adorned fabrics, furniture with ivory inlays and glass products were exported to Rome from the Roman province of Syria, and spices and silk of Indian and Chinese origin came from here. The so-called “damask” has been supplied to Europe since the High Middle… Read More »

Syria Development Efforts

Millennium Development Goals: Poverty, Poverty Reduction, etc. In September 2000, the ” Millennium Conference ” took place in New York, at which representatives from more than 180 countries committed themselves to achieving eight goals by 2015: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger to enforce comprehensive compulsory education to empower women and achieve equality to minimize child… Read More »

Syria Economic Sectors II

Telecommunications industry According to the “International Telecommunication Union”, Syria had the fifth weakest telephone network in the Middle East before the war began. The whole country should not be networked until 2013. Mobile telephony was also comparatively poorly developed. Syriatel alone accounted for more than 50 percent of the market. In mid- 2004, the company… Read More »

Syria Economic Sectors I

Under the rule of the Ba’ath Party, most of the larger companies in Syria were nationalized. Around 16 percent of all workers are employed in agriculture and industry, and 65 percent in the service sector. Since taking office, President Bashar al-Assad has in particular tackled the development of a private or partially privatized economic sector… Read More »

Syria War Economy

Estimated GDP: US $ 38 billion (estimated 2018) Per capita income (purchasing power parity): 2579 US $ (estimated 2019) Human Development Rank (HDI): 155 under 189 (2017) Share of poverty (less than $ 2 per day): 75% Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): n / a Economic transformation index: (BTI) Rank 128 (of 129) (2018) Syrian… Read More »

Syria Opposition Groups

Opposition In addition to the Free Syrian Army (FSA), the militant opposition is shaped by Islamist organizations that are either close to the Islamic States (IS) or Al-Qaeda. Free Syrian Army (FSA) According to naturegnosis, the Free Syrian Army (FSA) is the armed arm of the group “National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces”… Read More »

Syria 2011 Uprising

The 2011 uprising The civil war in Syria was triggered by the initially peaceful protests against the regime. People called for social reforms and political freedoms and the rule of law. However, the regime struggled with reforms and very soon responded with violence to protesters’ demands. There are riots. The uprising had meanwhile spread to… Read More »

Syrian Foreign Policy

Syria and the Lebanese Civil War When the Lebanese left and the Palestinian organizations saw an election victory in 1976 in Lebanon, the civil war between the Palestinians, the Forces Lebanaises and the Kataib (Christian-Maronite militias) had just started. Syria now intervened in the civil war in favor of the Maronites. Syria, which had no… Read More »

Syria Media and Human Rights

Alphabetized adults: 80% (2010, no current data) most important religion: Islam (Sunnis) other important religious communities: Christians, Alawis, Druze, Ismailis Urban population: 56% Life expectancy (female / male): 75/69 (2018) Gender Inequality Index: 136 of 160 (2018) Number of births: 2.92 / woman (2016) Media According to payhelpcenter, there is no independent media landscape in… Read More »

Syria The Damascus Spring

When Bashar al-Assad took over the succession in 2000, his inaugural address raised hopes for reforms. The opposition immediately followed suit: 99 intellectuals demanded in a declaration (later called the “Manifesto of 99”) the lifting of the state of emergency, a general amnesty and the reintroduction of basic rights. Clubs, salons and debating circles emerged… Read More »

Syria Government and Administration

State and administration Politically and ideologically, the Assad regime is based primarily on pan-Arabism and socialism. The latter was no longer mentioned in the new constitution of 2012. In addition, the country is characterized by a complex system of patronage. In addition to supporting Russia, Iran and China, the Syrian security services (mukhabarat) play a… Read More »

Syria Domestic Issues

Independence Day: April 17, 1946 Head of state: Bashar al-Assad (President of Syria since 2000) Head of government: Imad Khamis (Prime Minister of Syria since 2016) Political system: autocracy Democracy Status Index (BTI): Rank 135 of 137 (2020) Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 178 of 180 (2019) The Ba’ath Party In 1963, the Ba’ath Arab Socialist… Read More »

History of Syria Part 3

Parliamentary elections were held in December 1931 and January 1932. The national bloc, which was led by the notables, was looking for an “honorable cooperation” (President Jamil Mardam Bey) let in with the French and felt this in the election result: He received only 17 out of 69 seats. The French sought a treaty with… Read More »

History of Syria Part 2

The Muslims’ search for their own Arab identity fluctuated between pan-Islamism and an independent national approach within the borders of the Ottoman Empire. The response to the national awakening was immediate. The Tanzima reforms also included the first constitution, which, however, was repealed two years later, in 1878, by Sultan Abdalhamid II. Support for the… Read More »

History of Syria Part 1

The Islamic Conquest and the Crusaders The decisive battle of the Byzantine and Arab-Islamic forces took place in 636. Byzantine Syria is conquered by Arabs after the battle of Yarmuk. The center of Muslims in Arabia was relocated to Damascus in Syria by the Caliph Muʿāwiya in 661 after fierce internal Islamic fighting on the… Read More »