Tanzania Healthcare and Money

By | May 9, 2022

Health care


Vaccination needed receipt required
Eat Drink 4
malaria 3
Typhoid & Polio Yes
cholera 2
yellow fever Yes, 1


There are about 2000 hospitals and clinics, some church missions have medical care stations. There are also private doctors, hospitals and health centers. However, the standard of care is far from the European one. Taking out travel health insurance and travel repatriation insurance is strongly recommended. Check findjobdescriptions for more information.

Notes vaccinations

[1] Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers who are over 1 year old and come from a yellow fever area (e.g. from neighboring countries). According to the Federal Foreign Office, travelers from non-endemic areas (e.g. Europe) only need a yellow fever vaccination if they leave the airport during a stopover in a yellow fever area or if they wait longer than 12 hours at this airport for their connecting flight. Travelers planning a long-term stay in Tanzania are advised to be vaccinated against yellow fever. [2] Proof of cholera vaccination is not required anywhere in Tanzania. Deviations of the border officials from their own vaccination regulations cannot be ruled out in individual cases. However, the German Embassy has not become aware of any difficulties recently. The risk of infection for tourists is low. Cholera is found in Arusha, Coast, Dar es Salaam (districts: Ilala, Kinondoni), Dodoma, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Rukwa, Shinyanga, Tanga and on the island of Zanzibar. To protect yourself, you should practice careful drinking water and food hygiene. Vaccination is only recommended in rare cases. Since the effectiveness of the vaccination is disputed, it is advisable to seek medical advice in good time before you travel. [3] Malaria protection is required year-round, but especially during the rainy season (November to May), in all parts of the country below 1,800 m, including cities and national parks. In regions above the 1,800 m mark there is a lower risk of infection. The predominant more dangerous form Plasmodium falciparum (malaria tropica) is said to be highly resistant to chloroquine and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine. If left untreated, it is usually fatal in non-immunized Europeans. Drug prophylaxis is recommended for areas with a high risk of malaria. In the other areas, protection with long-sleeved clothing and mosquito repellent is sufficient. [4] The greatest risk of infection is intestinal infection. The hygiene rules applicable to all tropical countries (e.g. caution when consuming food and tap water) should be carefully observed. Water should generally be drunk before use, Brushing teeth and making ice cubes can either be boiled or otherwise sterilized or bought pre-packaged. When buying packaged water, you should make sure that the original packaging has not been opened. Unpasteurized milk should be boiled. Only mix dry and canned milk with sterile water. Dairy products made from unboiled milk should not be consumed. Meat and fish dishes should only be well cooked and served hot. Eating raw salads and mayonnaise should be avoided. Vegetables should be boiled and fruits should be peeled. Warnings are given against eating and buying food from cheap street restaurants and markets.

Other risks

Schistosomiasis pathogens can be found in some ponds and rivers throughout the country (also in Zanzibar and Pemba). Swimming and wading in inland waters should therefore be avoided. Well maintained swimming pools with chlorinated water are safe. Across the country, there is a risk of transmission of Lyme disease from ticks, especially in grass, shrubs and undergrowth. Protection is offered by skin-covering clothes and insect repellents. Dengue fever, transmitted by mosquitoes, occurs nationwide. An effective insect repellent is recommended. Filariasis caused by insects also occurs nationwide. Effective insect protection reduces the risk of transmission. Hepatitis A and hepatitis B occur nationwide. A hepatitis A vaccination is generally recommended. Vaccination against hepatitis B should be given during longer stays and close contact with the local population, as well as for children and young people in general. The number of people infected with HIV in Tanzania is estimated at several million. Sexual contact with unknown partners should be avoided. Measles occur. Travelers should definitely check their vaccination protection before traveling to Tanzania and refresh it if necessary. Epidemic outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis mainly occur in rural areas. To protect yourself, vaccination and avoiding large crowds are recommended. Plague cases have been reported from Tanga Province on the western slope of the Usambara Mountains. Protection against rats and fleas through safe sleeping places and more frequent linen changes as well as keeping away those who are already sick reduce the risk of infection. Prophylactic use of antibiotics is recommended for those working in areas affected by the plague. In the Manyara, Serengeti and Ngorongoro National Parks as well as in the Arusha and Kigoma areas, infection with the causative agent of sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) can occur, which can be transmitted by the tsetse fly with a painful sting even through thinner fabric. Avoiding fly bites with insect repellent and wearing appropriate clothing that is as light-colored as possible is particularly advisable here. In case of suspicion (reaction at the sting site, unclear fever) a doctor should be consulted immediately. Rabies occurs nationwide. The main carriers are dogs, cats, forest animals and bats. Vaccination is recommended for backpackers, children, occupational risk groups and for longer stays. In the event of a bite, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Tick ​​bite fever occurs nationwide and all year round, especially from April to October. Skin-covering clothing and insect repellent offer protection against the vectors. on. Skin-covering clothing and insect repellent offer protection against the vectors. on. Skin-covering clothing and insect repellent offer protection against the vectors.



1 Tanzanian shilling = 100 cents. Currency code: TS, TZS (ISO code). Banknotes come in denominations of 10,000, 5,000, 2,000, 1,000, 500 TS; Coins in denominations of 200, 100 and 50 TS (smaller denominations are only sporadically in circulation).

Credit cards

Major credit cards (sometimes only Visa) are only accepted in larger hotels, lodges and travel agencies (often with fees). Details from the issuer of the relevant credit card. Cash can also be withdrawn with a credit card (usually only with Visa) at the ATMs of officially licensed banks throughout the country.


Bank cards Money can be withdrawn from ATMs with a credit card (usually only with Visa) and a pin number. The Girocard (formerly ec card) with the Cirrus, Plus or Maestro symbol is accepted worldwide. It can be used at a few ATMs in major cities with the Maestro symbol. To be on the safe side, travelers should always have an alternative source of money such as cash. Further information from banks and credit institutes. Attention: Travelers who want to pay with their bank customer card abroad and withdraw money should find out from their bank about the possibility of using their card before starting their journey.

Travelers cheques

Travelers checks are not accepted in Tanzania.

Bank opening hours

Mon-Fri 8.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m., sometimes until 4 p.m., Sat 8.30 a.m. – 1 p.m.

Foreign exchange regulations

The import and export of local currency is prohibited. Unlimited import of foreign currency; duty of declaration. Export of foreign currencies up to the amount declared, minus the exchange amounts.

Currency Exchange

Exchange of cash – preferably US dollars (2006 and later bills only) – at any branch of the National Bank of Commerce and all authorized bureaux de change. Exchange receipts should be kept until departure. In the tourist centers, the US dollar is also accepted as a means of payment (only bills from 2006). Euro can be exchanged into local currency only in big cities and in some hotels.


Code Symbol Exchange rates (no guarantee)
TZS TSh 1 EUR = 2261.96 TSh
1 CHF = 2693.91 TSh
1 USD = 2179.50 TSh

Tanzania Money