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Health care

Vaccinations

Vaccination needed receipt required
cholera no
typhus Yes
malaria 2
Eat Drink
yellow fever 1

Overview

Medical care is very good in larger towns, but in rural areas it may not meet European standards. In many cases there is also a lack of European-trained English/French-speaking doctors. All major hotels have doctors on call. It is recommended to take out travel health insurance and travel repatriation insurance. An individual first-aid kit should be taken with you and protected according to the temperatures on the way. Check findjobdescriptions for more information.

Notes vaccinations

[1] A vaccination certificate against yellow fever is required for travelers who want to enter the country after a stay of more than 12 hours in the infection areas designated by the WHO and who are at least twelve months old. [2] Malaria in the more dangerous form Plasmodium falciparum occurs all year round in rural regions and especially in the forests and hilly landscapes throughout the country and especially in the border areas. There is a low risk of malaria in the border regions with Myanmar, Cambodia and Malaysia. Minimal risk exists in the rest of the country including Phuket, Koh Samui and other islands. The cities of Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Pattaya, Samet and the islands of Krabi Province (Koh Phi Phi, Koh Yao Noi, Koh Yao Yai, Koh Lanta). Strong resistance to chloroquine, sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine and mefloquine has been reported.

Food and drink

Due to the risk of possible infections, careful drinking water and food hygiene must be ensured. Water should either be boiled or otherwise sterilized before drinking, brushing your teeth, and making ice cubes, or it should be purchased packaged. When buying packaged water, you should make sure that the original packaging has not been opened. Most hotels provide bottled drinking water free of charge. Milk is not pasteurized outside of urban areas and should also be boiled. It is best to avoid dairy products made from unboiled milk. Meat and fish dishes should only be well cooked and served hot. eating pork, raw salads and mayonnaise should be avoided. Vegetables should be boiled and fruits should be peeled. Eating and buying food from cheap street restaurants and markets is discouraged.

Other risks

The standard vaccinations for children and adults recommended by the Robert Koch Institute (including against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), mumps, measles, rubella, pneumococci, poliomyelitis and influenza) should be refreshed before the trip if necessary. Schistosomiasis pathogens can be found in some ponds and rivers across the country, particularly in Phitsanulok, Phichit and Surat Thani, so swimming and wading in inland waters should be avoided. Well maintained swimming pools with chlorinated water are safe. Across the country, there is a risk of transmission of borreliosis/Lyme disease from ticks, especially in grass, shrubs and undergrowth. Protection is offered by skin-covering clothes and insect repellents. Chikungunya fever is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes with fever and primarily, sometimes long-lasting joint pain. Increasing numbers of the disease are being recorded in the southern provinces of Thailand, also in the tourist centers and in the central, northern and north-eastern provinces. Mosquito-borne dengue fever occurs across the country, including in urban areas, and is particularly prevalent during the rainy season. An effective insect repellent is recommended, because the number of cases is increasing. There is no vaccination against dengue fever. Filariasis caused by insects occurs in the border areas in the west and in the wet biotopes on the south-east coast. Travelers reduce the risk of transmission if they use an effective insect repellent. Typhus occurs mainly in the scrubland in the north and north-east. The fever is caused by clothes lice. To protect yourself, you should practice regular body and clothing hygiene. Vaccination should only be considered in rare cases. Hepatitis A and hepatitis B occur nationwide. A hepatitis A vaccination is generally recommended. Food hygiene is important. Vaccination against hepatitis B should be given during longer stays and close contact with the local population, as well as for children and young people in general. HIV/AIDS is a major problem in the country, especially among risk groups. Sexual contact, the use of drugs (dirty syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions generally pose a high risk. Condom use is always, especially in casual acquaintances, recommended. There is an increased risk of contracting Japanese encephalitis from May to October, especially in rural and suburban areas in the north. Rabies occurs nationwide. Carriers include dogs, cats, forest animals and bats. Vaccination is recommended for backpackers, children, occupational risk groups and for longer stays. In the event of a bite, seek medical attention as soon as possible. The Zika virus is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever, joint pain and conjunctivitis. The infection often goes unnoticed or only has mild symptoms. The Zika virus is suspected of causing microcephaly in the unborn child. There is neither a vaccination nor a medicinal prophylaxis.

Money

Currency

1 baht = 100 satang. Currency code: Bt, THB (ISO code). Banknotes are in denominations of 1000, 500, 100, 50 and 20 bt. Coins are in denominations of 10, 5, 2 and 1 bt and 50 and 25 satang. Additionally, there are a large number of commemorative coins that are also legal tender.

Credit cards

American Express, Mastercard and Visa are accepted in many places, Diners Club less often. Credit cards can also be used to withdraw money throughout the country. Details from the issuer of the relevant credit card.

ATMs

Girocard The Girocard (formerly ec card) with the Cirrus, Plus or Maestro symbol is accepted worldwide. It can be used at ATMs with the Cirrus, Plus or Maestro symbol. The daily limit on withdrawals is currently up to 20,000 baht. Withdrawing cash from ATMs in Thailand is subject to relatively high fees. Further information from banks and credit institutes. Attention: Travelers who want to pay with their bank customer card abroad and withdraw money should find out from their bank about the possibility of using their card before starting their journey.

Travelers cheques

Traveller’s checks are no longer available in Germany and Switzerland and are hardly available in Austria. Travelers checks can be cashed at banks and bureaux de change in major cities in Thailand. Travelers Checks should be made out in Euros or US Dollars.

Bank opening hours

Mon-Fri 08.30/09.30-15.30.

Foreign exchange regulations

The import and export of local currency and foreign currency is unlimited. When importing and exporting foreign currency, amounts exceeding the equivalent of USD 20,000 must be declared. When exporting the national currency, amounts of 50,000 Bt or more must be declared. Attention: If you continue your journey to Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar or Vietnam, amounts with an equivalent value of 500,000 Bt or more must be declared when exporting local currency. In Thailand, the use of the virtual currency Bitcoin is prohibited by law. The virtual currency may not be used for payment transactions, and transfers abroad are also prohibited.

Currency Exchange

Cash can be exchanged at banks, hotels (high fees) and authorized bureaux de change (best rates) in major cities (opening hours 0800-2000). Banknotes over 500 Bt are difficult to change outside of the larger cities and tourist areas, so it is advisable to take smaller denominations with you.

Currencies

Code Symbol Exchange rates (no guarantee)
THB ฿ 1 EUR = ฿37.37
1 CHF = ฿44.49
1 USD = ฿35.91

Thailand Money