Chile is the land of extremes. Here are icy polar rains, soaring mountains and one of the world’s driest deserts. Chile consists of a narrow strip of land between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean that is over 4,000 km long, and only 200 km wide in places. The nature is very varied and is protected by several national parks inhabited by llamas, nanoparticles, flamingos, seals and penguins. A generous dose of old-fashioned mystery can be gleaned on Easter Island with its giant stone figures, 3,600 km from the mainland.
See trips to Chile
Population: 17.5 million
rodeo is a national sport in Chile?
the world’s oldest mummies, the mummies from Chinchorro, come from Chile?
Geography of Chile
Long, narrow Chile borders Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. The Andes run throughout the country and cover about half of the country’s area to the east. Chile covers several climate zones and is divided into three different regions according to nature and climate. Northern Chile is one of the driest areas on earth. Here lies the large, golden Atacama Desert and protects significant copper reserves in the ground. In addition to the long strip of mainland, Chile also controls the legendary Easter Island and some other small islands in the Pacific Ocean that make up a relatively large part of Antarctica; islands that Argentina and the United Kingdom have also shown interest in.
The colonial era in Chile
The main religion in Chile, as in most South American countries, is Catholicism. Most Chileans are of mixed European and Native American descent. Five percent are Indians and most are displaced to the poorest parts of the country. When the Spaniards began arriving in Chile, various Native American populations lived throughout the country. In the north lived the Aymara and Quechua Indians. These were part of the celebrated South American high cultures and belonged to the century before the arrival of the Europeans. The Indians of central Chile stubbornly resisted the newly arrived conquerors until 1818, when the Irishman Bernardo O’Higgins made Chile a republic with himself at the helm. O’Higgins was expelled from the Chilean upper class in 1823. This was followed by a series of unrest that was soon crushed. The upper class got its way with an ultra-conservative government for almost a hundred years. Thus, law and order was secured for the ruling classes, while the lower class was forced to sacrifice its political rights.
20th century history
The time between the two world wars, Chile alternated between democratic governments and military coups and in the 1970 election, the line of more or less conservative governments was broken. The Popular Front, led by Salvador Allende, won the election and began to introduce socialist reforms. Something that neither the upper class, the middle class nor the United States was particularly fond of. Allende’s reign was marked by strikes, unrest and economic sanctions from the United States. After three years, the country was in total chaos and the military seized power and slaughtered Allende’s supporters. Law, order and economy were restored under military rule and General Pinochet – albeit under fierce protests from abroad due to strict government practices. After 15 years of dictatorship, the 1988 election ended Pinochet’s time in power, and Chile has since been ruled by democratically elected presidents.
Natural sites in Chile
Those who travel to Chile do not have to look long for natural sights. In the north, the landscapes are characterized by the desert and here you will find, among other things, the special Valle de la Luna, Måndalen. Here, the movements of the time in the earth’s crust have created the most bizarre rock formations, and the gray top of the huge sand dunes, you can enjoy a sunset you will soon forget. Also in the Atacama area there is a huge salt flats and Chaxalagunen – haunt for thousands of pink flamingos. Further south around the city of Puerto Montt is the so-called highlands – an incredibly beautiful natural area with deep blue lakes surrounded by mountains and volcanoes. One of the most beautiful volcanoes is the ice-covered Osorne, whose solidified lava has shaped the many streams and waterfalls that exist around the volcano. The Chilean archipelago at the southern tip of South America, with its many fjords and canals, can best be experienced from the sea. On board a cruise ship you can get close to glaciers, icebergs, primeval forests and the rich animal and bird life.
Anyone who wants to spice up their journey with mystery should head far out into the Pacific Ocean to the legendary Easter Island. Over the years, scientists and explorers have speculated half-heartedly about the island’s impressive large stone figures. The huge figures, “moais”, are found all around the small island and have more than anything else been a symbol of the island’s mythical history and culture.
Traveling in Chile
A trip to Chile is equal to magnificent nature, exciting cities and friendly, accommodating population. Leaves Chile’s modern, interesting cities are Santiago which is beautifully situated in a wide valley between the snow-capped Andes, as well as the ancient port city of Valparaiso with its colorful colonial houses. Near Valparaiso is the famous beach area Viña del Mar. The city is also called “Ciudád Jardin” (Garden City) thanks to the subtropical vegetation consisting of palm and banana trees.
Get an overview of Chile’s climate and weather
|HangaRoa (Easter Island)|
According to bridgat, the climate is warm and tropical. The central part of Chile is a 1,000 km long valley with subtropical climate with winter rains. Two-thirds of the 16 million people live here. Corn, wheat, tobacco are grown here and around Santiago the famous Chilean wine. In the south, the climate is cooler. Here are large forests, abundant rainfall all year round and a small population that lives on sheep breeding and fishing. The southernmost part, the Land of Fire or Tierra del Fuego, has an Antarctic climate with a labyrinthine archipelago coast with fjords, peninsulas and islands.