Hungary General Information

By | February 7, 2022

One of the countries of Central Europe – Hungary – welcomes many tourists every year. Despite its small size and rather calm terrain, the country has something to lure foreigners to its lands. According to, Budapest is the capital of Hungary.

This completely continental state is characterized by predominantly flat terrain, although hills and even mountains up to 1000 km long are found on the country’s borders. Being surrounded by hills, Hungary has a very mild climate, which allows tourists to visit the country all year round without much concern due to the weather. The lack of access to the sea does not yet mean the absence of summer holidays near the water. In Hungary, you can relax on beautiful lakes. Probably the most popular lake among tourists is Heviz. This is the largest thermal lake located in Europe. Many vacationers on the beautiful shores not only find themselves in a beautiful place, but also have a unique opportunity to improve their health. Lake Balaton is also known for its beauties, where it is possible to spend time with benefit and soak up the mineral and thermal springs. By the way, focusing on wellness holidays, you can stay in one of the coastal sanatoriums, where you will be provided with a full range of various procedures. Considering such a number of resort areas and the presence of many beautiful cities, it is not surprising that sightseeing tours to Hungary are so popular.

In addition to relaxing on the lakes, the cities of Hungary, and especially the capital, Budapest, are of undoubted interest. The symbol of the city is the majestic Parliament building. Budapest is spread on the banks of the picturesque and wide Danube River, which divides the capital into two historical parts – Buda and Pest. In addition, in the vicinity of Budapest there are seven small islands, which, together with monumental architecture, from some angles are very similar to an enlarged copy of Venice. The cultural life of the city will also not let you get bored, here you will find many interesting places to visit.


Lake Heviz– the world’s largest natural biologically active thermal lake. It is located among the gentle hills of the southwestern part of the Transdanubian intermountain. The miraculous healing properties of local water were discovered by the Romans. Medicinal water and healing silt, originating from the ancient Pannonian Sea, in combination with physiotherapy procedures, contribute to the treatment of almost all diseases of the musculoskeletal system and rheumatic diseases. The town owes its fame solely to the uniqueness of the lake, which cannot be found anywhere else in the world. The name itself contains the prehistory of the origin of the lake: Heviz “a reservoir fed by a hot spring.” Located in the center of a cruciform fault, the warm-water healing lake with a peat bottom with an area of ​​47,500 square meters is the largest in the world; water enters it from thermal springs. They are located in a crater at a depth of 38 m. The water temperature ranges from 33-35 degrees C, even in winter it does not fall below 23 degrees C, so you can swim here all year round under the open sky. Every minute, the source throws out 20,000 liters of water, as a result of which a complete change in the lake occurs every 72 hours. Thanks to the unique natural springs of thermal waters, Lake Heviz is famous for its spa hotels, balneotherapy, and thermal spas.

Heviz mud

The mud covering the bottom of the lake also has special healing properties, which, from the point of view of balneology, is something between purely mineral mud and organic fango. In dry form, the mud substance contains 20% organic elements, due to which it has higher thermal properties. The most important components of the Heviz mud are the products of incomplete decay of plants, which are formed under conditions of excessive moisture and difficult aeration. They contain biologically active components: enzymes, hormone-like substances, biogenic stimulants, microelements. The mineral composition is determined by the significant content of calcium and magnesium carbonates, sulfates and radon (insignificant amount). The mud mixed with the water of the thermal spring is used for applications.


rheumatic diseases of the musculoskeletal system, chronic inflammation of the joints (with the exception of periods of exacerbation), spondylarthritis, Bechterew’s disease (Spondylarthritis ankylopoetica), soft tissue rheumatism (myogelosis, “tennis elbow”, chronic tendovaginitis, etc.), senile changes in the joints and spine, spondylosis, spondyloarthrosis, protrusion of the spinal disc, polyarthrosis, posture disorders, functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system, injuries, medical rehabilitation after orthopedic operations (implantation of joint prostheses, corrective, removal of vertebral hernia, etc.).


infectious diseases (tuberculosis, hepatitis, etc.), malignant tumors, leukemia, acute anemia, anemia, immune weakness, thrombosis, thrombophlebitis, pulmonary asthma, hyperfunction of the thyroid gland (Basedow’s disease), heart failure (atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels, valvular heart disease, myocardial disease), other acute inflammations, pregnancy, in case of a myocardial infarction or an operation to implant an electric pacemaker (pacemaker), it is necessary to undergo an examination by a cardiologist before prescribing the procedures.

The following hotels are offered for accommodation:

Panorama Hotel***

Located in the city center, 100m from the lake. In the room: balcony, shower room, toilet, TV, telephone, minibar, safe, bathrobe. Meals – half board – buffet (breakfast, lunch or dinner). Daily lunch (hot soup). Every day ticket to the lake or to the thermal pool (3 hours).

Helios Hotel***

Located in a picturesque park-reserve of 4.5 hectares, 800 m from the city center and the lake. Consists of two buildings connected by a closed corridor. The hotel has its own pump room with mineral water and an indoor pool with thermal water, an outdoor swimming pool with a relaxation area (in summer), a wellness center with an experience pool, 3 saunas, a whirlpool, a playground, its own treatment department with a full range of procedures. Daily morning and water gymnastics. Parking.

Guests of both buildings eat at the hotel restaurant. Meals – half board – buffet (breakfast, lunch or dinner). Daily lunch.

Building “House Benyamin”: all rooms with shower, toilet, TV, minibar, telephone, safe, bathrobe.

Housing “House Anna”: all rooms with air conditioning, balcony, bathroom, toilet, telephone, TV, safe, minibar, bathrobe.


Hungarian Republic. The capital is Budapest. The official language is Hungarian. The state system is a republic. Administrative-territorial division – 19 regions. The monetary unit is the forint.
The area is 93 thousand sq. km.
The country is located in Central Europe, in the Carpathian basin. It borders on seven countries – Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. The maximum length of the country from north to south is 268 km, from east to west – 528 km. From north to south, the country is crossed by its main rivers – the Danube and the Tisza. Half of the territory is occupied by the Middle Danubian Plain Alföld (Empty). Balaton – the largest freshwater lake in Central Europe – is located in the center of the Transdanubian region. The highest point in Hungary is Mount Kekes (1014 m).
Moderate, relatively dry, with hot summers and cold winters. The average temperature in January is about -1°С, in July – about +21°С. Precipitation falls up to 450-900 mm. per year, mainly in the cold months.
10.196 million people.
Hungarian. Many people know German, Russian.
January 1 – New Year’s Day
March 15 – National Holiday
Second Day of Easter
Second Day of Trinity
May 1 – Labor Day
August 20 – National Holiday
October 23 – Republic
Day December 25-26 – Christmas
Typical Hungarian dishes are prepared with an abundance of ground red paprika, onions, tomatoes and green peppers. These are such delicious and nutritious dishes as the famous Hungarian goulash soup, chicken “paprikash” with dumplings and cabbage rolls. Among the soups, it is worth mentioning the special Hungarian fish soup “halasle” and the chicken soup “Uyhazi”. Of the flour dishes, typical delicacies are noodles with cottage cheese, puff pastry with cherries, cottage cheese or poppy seeds, cake “Shomloi Galushka” and “Varga Belesh”. Soup is usually served first, followed by a second course and then dessert. Among Hungarian drinks, varieties of fruit vodka are primarily popular – palinki (from apricot, plum, pear, cherry), wine (the most famous Hungarian wine is Tokai, which for centuries has retained the honorary title “King of Wines, Wine of Kings”), a balm called “Zwak unique”, among the beers – “Dreher”,
Tickets must be purchased in advance at ticket offices, newspaper and tobacco kiosks, and special vending machines. Tickets are punched directly on the vehicle or right at the entrance to the subway. A separate ticket must be stamped for each metro line, unless a transfer ticket is purchased in advance. There are on sale reduced three-day tourist tickets, one-day, weekly and monthly subscription travel cards, in addition, the Budapest tourist card is also used as a travel document.
Budapest has a metro, buses, trams, trolleybuses and the HEV suburban railway. The city center has been connected with the Varosliget city park for a hundred years by the first underground railway on the continent.
Minus 2 hours from Moscow.
Hungarian forint.
Banks work on weekdays from 09:00 to 16:00, exchange offices in the city center, as a rule, work around the clock, the rest – from 09:00 to 21:00.
Currency exchange is recommended to be carried out only in official exchange offices, and a certificate of exchange must be kept before leaving the country. Exchanging currency outside of official offices is usually associated with risk. On Saturdays all banks are closed. In the center of Pest (V district) and in the area of ​​the Buda Castle (I district), many exchange offices are open on weekends. Around the clock you can exchange currency in hotels, and in the middle of the week – and in travel agencies. During off-hours, there are currency exchange machines and ATMs at the service of tourists.
Holders of AMEX, Diners club, EnRoute, Euro/Mastercard, JCB, VISA credit cards can use them to receive money at banks and ATMs, pay bills in hotels, restaurants and shops. The doors of the listed places indicate which cards are accepted.
The import/export of personal items needed on the road, clothing and other items corresponding to the purpose of travel and the period of stay in the country are not subject to customs duties. Citizens over 16 years of age can carry: 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco, 1 liter of spirits, 2 liters of wine, 250 ml of cologne and 100 ml of perfume.
Embassy of Hungary in Russia
Moscow, st. Mosfilmovskaya, 62 (metro station “Kievskaya”)
Consular department: tel. 796-93-77
Opening hours: Mon – Thu: 09:00 – 11:30. On holidays in the Russian Federation and BP, as well as on the first working day of each month, the consular department does not work.
Bureau of Tourism Advisor of the Hungarian Embassy
Moscow, st. Krasnaya Presnya, 1-7
Tel. 363-39-62
Russian Embassy in VR
Tel. (36-1)-302-52-30, 332-47-48
Russian telephone service in Budapest
Tel. 06-309-92-20-20
Budapest card.
The creators of the card call it “The whole city in your pocket.” It entitles you to the following discounts and benefits within 48 or 72 hours:
– unlimited travel on all types of public transport;
– free admission to more than 60 museums;
– 50% discount on city sightseeing tours;
– discounts for concerts;
– discounts in restaurants and bars;
– discounts on Airport Minibus, car rental, etc.
The card is sold at metro ticket offices, travel agencies and tourist information centres.
There are 1380 public collections and collections, museums and galleries in Hungary, 200 of them in Budapest. Museums are usually open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 to 18:00, in winter the opening hours are reduced.
The shops.
In Budapest, grocery stores and shopping centers are usually open from Monday to Friday from 07:00 to 19:00. on Saturday from 07:00 to 13:00. On Sundays – until 14:00 only some large shopping centers are open. There are many private shops in the capital that sell products around the clock. Stores of clothing and other consumer goods, as well as department stores are open from 10:00 to 18:00 on weekdays, on Saturdays from 09:00 to 13:00. Supermarkets located in busy areas may be open longer.
In Hungarian restaurants, as a rule, they give up to 10% of the final amount for tea. The same applies to hairdressers, beauty salons, taxis and other types of services.


Embassy of Hungary in Minsk

Address: Minsk, st. Platonova 1/b

(except for children under 12 years of age and those persons who have already submitted biometric data in one of the consular offices of the Schengen countries over the past 59 months. However, representatives of the consular services have the authority to call these persons additionally in case of any questions)

  1. Passport / international passport for citizens of the Russian Federation, not older than 10 years and valid for 6 months from the end date of the tour. There must be at least 2 free pages with the inscription “Visas”. For citizens of the Russian Federation: a copy of the residence permit and the original.
  2. Copy of passport:31-33 pages and Schengen visas for the last 3 years. For citizens of the Russian Federation: a copy of the residence permit and the original.
  3. One photo(3.5*4.5 cm, color, on a light background, not older than 6 months).
  4. Insurance according to the terms of the tour. The minimum amount of insurance coverage is 30,000 euros. When applying through Vneshintourist LLC, the cost of insurance must be checked with managers. A child under 17 with a parent is free.
  5. Confirmation of employment:

5.1. For employees: a certificate on the letterhead of the employer, which indicates the date of employment, qualifications, wages (a breakdown of wages for the last 3 months is given); the minimum wage per month is 450-500 bel. rub. With wages below 450-500 bel. rub. it is necessary to provide an extract from the bank account on the availability of funds (in any currency, in the equivalent of 45 euros per day of stay) or documents of the sponsoring person (sponsor letter in any form, a copy of the sponsor’s passport, a copy of documents confirming kinship, as well as a certificate from the place of work ). It is necessary to confirm that during the trip the employee goes on paid leave and his place of work is retained.

5.2. For individual entrepreneurs: certificate of state registration and last tax payments, as well as a certificate that there are no debts for the last 3 months and a bank statement.

  1. For pensioners:a copy of the pension certificate; certificate of received pension (decryption for the last 3 months); statement of account; in the absence of an account ─ documents of the sponsoring person (sponsorship letter; copy of the sponsor’s passport; documents confirming kinship; certificate of sponsor’s salary).
  2. For students (full-time education):a certificate from the dean’s office (in the case of a visa request during the study period ─ permission from the dean’s office for absence from classes); in the absence of own income: documents of the sponsoring person (sponsor’s letter; copy of the sponsor’s passport; documents confirming kinship; salary certificate or an extract from the sponsor’s bank account).
  3. For students:certificate from the place of study (in case of requesting a visa during the study period ─ permission to be absent from classes); documents of the sponsoring person (sponsor’s letter; copy of the sponsor’s passport; documents confirming kinship; salary certificate or an extract from the sponsor’s bank account).
  4. For the unemployed:a copy of the first and last pages of the work book or a copy of the diploma (if the applicant graduated from an educational institution no more than 6 months ago); statement of account; in the absence of own income ─ documents of the sponsoring person (sponsorship letter; copy of the sponsor’s passport; documents confirming kinship; certificate of sponsor’s salary).
  5. For minors:birth certificate (copy and original). If the child is traveling with one of the parents ─ notarized permission from the other parent. If the child is traveling accompanied by a third person, the parents shall notarize the consent to the departure of the child in favor of this person. The original permission and copies of parents’ passports are provided. Important: The visa application for minors must be signed by both parents!
  6. Consular fee ─ 35 euros, citizens of the Russian Federation – 35 euros. Children under 12 years old are free.

IMPORTANT: in addition to the above documents, travel agencies must provide a questionnaire signed by the tourist (do not fill out, only: the applicant’s personal signature in paragraph 37 and below on the next page).


One of the main attractions of Hungary is the resort region of Lake Balaton. The shores of this shallow lake are annually filled with countless vacationers who come here hoping to enjoy sunbathing and the gentle waves of the lake, find peace in contemplation of the beauty of the surrounding landscape, and also improve their health at the famous resorts of the lake. The lake, rich in fish, literally attracts numerous fishing enthusiasts. Every village has tennis courts and golf courses. Horse riding enthusiasts have a great opportunity to satisfy their passion for this sport in Tihany, Santod, Keszthely or Nagyvazoni, in many places around Lake Balaton, riding schools open one after another.

On the hills along the northern shore of Balaton, a number of fortresses, castles and resort towns grew in the 16th century.

The world-famous stone “women” of Badachononi are fantastic volcanic formations. In the Kali valley, located just behind the coastal holiday villages, the carbonic source of Kekkuti is knocked out of the ground, and the healing water of the famous local spring, named after the Byzantine princess Theodora, who was resting here, is considered the best in Hungary.
The Tihany peninsula, dividing Lake Balaton in half, is a place that attracts tourists from all over the world. The two-towered church, towering above the landscape, already from a distance attracts the attention of travelers to the peninsula, the territory of which is now declared a protected area. The church and the Benedictine monastery (founded in 1055) are the oldest buildings in the Balaton area. From the alley leading from the church, a breathtaking view of the lake and surroundings opens up. In the area of ​​the village of Jorvenesh, you can see an old water mill with a museum (one of the oldest in Eastern Europe), and near the town of Balatonudvar there is a cemetery-reserve with heart-shaped gravestones carved in limestone. Tihany also has its own lakes, completely independent from Balaton. One of them is Belshyo-to (“Inner Lake”) with a radius of about 700 meters, in spring and summer it turns blue due to lavender plantations blooming throughout the area. Also, the constant attention of tourists is enjoyed by a unique stone cone created by ancient geysers, one of the most beautiful structures of the coast – the Golden House (“Aranhaz”), the Museum of the Benedictine Monastery, located in the cellars of the monastery, the Open Air Ethnographic Museum and the Puppet Museum are also of interest.

HUNGARY country symbol